ASSESSMENT OF PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN PRIMIGRAVIDA: COMPARISON BETWEEN BOOKED AND UN-BOOKED PATIENTS

Nargis Danish, Aneesa Fawad, Nasreen Abbasi

Abstract


Background: Primigravida (PG), defined as a woman who conceives for the first time, is in a high-risk
group. Objective of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcome in booked and un-booked
primigravida. Methods: This was a hospital based comparative study conducted in Women and
Children Hospital Abbottabad from May 1998 to November 1999. A total of 322 patients were
included in the study. Inclusion criteria was all primigravida, both booked as well as un-booked
patients. Evaluation was done by taking detailed history, clinical examination and relevant
investigations. Antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal complications were noted in the mothers. Perinatal
morbidity and mortality was assessed in both the groups. Results: Out of 322 cases, 52 patients were
booked and 270 patients were un-booked. Majority of un-booked patients belonged to the rural areas
and were from lower socioeconomic group, between the age group of 15–35 years. The rate of
instrumental deliveries was high (87.5%) in un-booked patients as compared to booked patients
(12.5%). Caesarean section rate in un-booked patients was higher (76.5%) as compared to booked
patients (23.5%). Twenty-three (20%) patients of un-booked group presented in emergency mainly
with obstructed labour. Twenty-two (19.8%) patients had pregnancy induced hypertension, while
foetuses of 48 (43.2%) patients developed foetal distress. Antipartum haemorrhage was present in 12
(10.8%) patients, while prolonged labour with foetal distress was noted in 26 (23.4%) patients in unbooked group. Postpartum haemorrhage and puerperal pyrexia was more common in un-booked
patients (7.7% and 18.6% respectively). Perinatal mortality was high in un-booked patients (19.5%) as
compared to booked patients. Conclusion: Primigravida are high-risk patients. Comprehensive
antenatal care should be provided in this group of patients to have better maternal and foetal outcome.
Keywords: Primigravida, Pregnancy, Outcome, Complications, Women, Antenatal, Maternal, foetal

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