Iram Manzoor, Fawadia Khan, Umbreen Navied, Syed Muslim Abbas


Background: The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease associated with stigmatization and discrimination worldwide. Even the health care professionals show negative attitude towards these patients. Worldwide need of health education is felt to address the gap in knowledge and attitude of health care professionals while dealing with patients suffering from this disease. Methods: It was an educational interventional study, conducted in Fatima Memorial College of Medicine and Dentistry in 2015. The sample was collected through Non-Probability purposive technique, targeting both male and female health care professionals interested in attending health education sessions on HIV-AIDS. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of thirty participants for pre- and post- intervention. Results: The study participants included public health professionals (50%), dentists (16.7%) and clinical professionals (33.3%). A significant difference was observed in knowledge of health care professionals after intervention considering the important reasons as deteriorating moral value (p=0.045) for HIV epidemic in Pakistan, prevalence status of HIV/AIDS (p=0.046), awareness about the free voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) centres /services (p=0.019), interaction with an HIV positive person (p=0.01), discriminatory attitudes due to family member (p=0.032) and availability of services for people living with HIV in Pakistan (p=0.02). Conclusion: Health educational intervention is a powerful tool for increasing awareness of health care professionals.

Keywords: Healthcare professionals, Education intervention, HIV/AIDS

Full Text:



Cynthia AS, Ashraf M, George P. Assessment and Comparison of HIV Awareness among Medical and Non-Medical Undergraduates. J Dent Med Sci 2015;14(10):20–3.

WHO. Media centre, HIV/AIDS, Fact sheet N°360, Updated November 2015. [Internet]. World Health Organization [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

Yin Z, Brown A, Hughes G, Nardone A, Gill ON, Delpech V. HIV in the United Kingdom: Report 2014. [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

WHO. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data, HIV/AIDS [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

WHO. Global Health Observatory data repository, Number of people (all ages) living with HIV, Estimates by World Health Organization region [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

UNAIDS 2014. The GAP report. [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

WHO. Global Health Observatory data repository, Number of people (all ages) living with HIV, Estimates by country [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

Meena LP, Pandey SK, Rai M, Bharti A, Sunder S. Knowledge, Attitude, And Practices (KAP) Study On HIV/AIDS Among HIV Patients, Care Givers And General Population In North-Eastern Part Of India. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2013;2(1):36–42.

Negash Y, Gebre B, Benti D, Bejiga M. A community-based study on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on HIV/AIDS in Gambella town, Western Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2003;17(3);205–13.

United Nations Kosovo Team, UN Theme Group on Aids. Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Behavior Study on HIV/AIDS with Young People in Kosovo. [Internet]. [cited 2016 Nov 4]. Available from:

Sachdeva S, Malik JS, Sachdeva R, Sachdev TR. HIV/AIDS knowledge among first year MBBS, Nursing, Pharmacy students of a health university, India. J Family Community Med 2011;18(3):155–8.

Jadhav S, Afroz S, Mumbre S. Effect of Health Education on Knowledge about HIV/Aids of 1st MBBS Students. J Nurs Health Sci 2014;3(6):46–8.

Bashir S. HIV/AIDS stigma at the workplace: exploratory findings from Pakistan. SAHARA J 2011;8(3):156–61.

Shaikh FD, Khan SA, Ross MW, Grimes RM. Knowledge and attitudes of Pakistani medical students towards HIV-positive and/or AIDS patients. Psychol Health Med 2007;12(1):7–17.

Ahsan Ullah AK. HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: A study of health care providers in Bangladesh. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 2011;10(2):97–104.

Jha N, Rathore DS, Shankar PR, Gyawali S, Alshakka M, Bhandary S. An educational intervention’s effect on healthcare professionals’ attitudes towards pharmacovigilance. Australas Med J 2014;7(12):478–89.

Gutierrez JM. Assessment of HIV/AIDS educational intervention on stigma reduction among nurses: a quasi-experimental study. Int J Adv Nurs Stud 2014;3(2):90–6.

Beyrer C, Baral SD, Weir BW, Curran JW, Chaisson RE, Sullivan PS. A call to action for concentrated HIV epidemics. Curr Opin HIV AIDS 2014;9(2):95–100.

Reis C, Heisler M, Amowitz LL, Moreland RS, Mafeni JO, Anyamele C, et al. Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. PLoS Med 2005;2(8):e246.

Schenker I. HIV/AIDS Literacy: An Essential Component in Education for All. EFA Global Monitoring Report. UNESCO. Paris. Background paper; 2006.

Grabbe KL, Menzies N, Taegtmeyer M, Emukule G, Angala P, Mwega I, et al. Increasing access to HIV counseling and testing through mobile services in Kenya: Strategies, utilization and cost-effectiveness. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2010;54(3):317–23.

Kalichman SC, Pellowski J, Turner C. Prevalence of sexually transmitted co-infections in people living with HIV/AIDS: systematic review with implications for using HIV treatments for prevention. Sex Transm Infect 2011;87(3):183–90.

Genberg BL, Hlavka Z, Konda KA, Maman S, Chariyalertsak S, Chingono A, et al. A comparison of HIV/AIDS-related stigma in four countries: Negative attitudes and perceived acts of discrimination towards people living with HIV/AIDS. Soc Sci Med 2009;68(12):2279–87.

Mahajan AP, Sayles JN, Patel VA, Remien RH, Sawires SR, Ortiz DJ, et al. Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward. AIDS 2008;22(Suppl 2):S67–79.

Cooper D, Harries J, Myer L, Orner P, Bracken H, Zweiqenthal V. “Life is still going on”: reproductive intentions among HIV-positive women and men in South Africa. Soc Sci Med 2007;65(2):274–83.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] []