OUTCOME OF OPEN INTERLOCKING NAILING IN CLOSED FRACTURE SHAFT OF FEMUR

Muhammad Adeel, Shoaib Zardad, Shandana Mustafa Jadoon, Muhammad Younas, Usman Shah

Abstract


Background: Various treatment modalities have been used in treating femoral shaft fractures, i.e., open intramedullary nailing, plating and external fixators but these does not always produce stable fixation and there is increased risk of infection, closed locked intramedullary nailing technique has being the gold standard and is a routine procedure but it requires proper orthopedic operation table with traction apparatus and the use of image intensifier. The use of open interlocking nailing technique doesn’t require any special orthopaedic table nor it requires use of Image intensifier. The objective of this study is to find out and determine the frequency of fracture union and wound infection in open reamed interlocking nailing of close fractures of shaft of femur. Methods: This study included fifty-eight patients from either gender, above 14 years of age with closed femoral shaft fracture presenting within 2 weeks. Data was collected on Performa about gender, age, address, date of fracture, date of operation and discharge, type of fracture and follow-up visits. Results: Mean age of the patients were 31.24±8.662. According to Winquist & Hansen, femur shaft fractures were divided into four types. Type I were found in the 16(27.6%), Type II in 21 (36.2%), Type III in 12 (20.7%) and Type IV in 9 (15.5%). Total number of fracture union with regard to Winquist & Hensen Classification of fracture shaft femur were, Type I, 14 (24.1%), Type II, 21 (36.2%), Type III, 12 (20.7%), Type IV, 8 (13.8%) respectively while the rest 3 (5.2%) were found in non-union. Total number of fracture union with regard to gender of the patients were, 41 (70.7%) males and 14 (24.1%) were females while the rest 3 (5.2%) patients fracture union has not occurred. Fracture union was found in 55 (94.8%) out of 58 patients; while fracture union had not occurred in 3 (5.2%) out of 58 patients. The total number of patients who developed wound infection following surgery were 5 (8.6%) out of 58 patients; while the non-infected patients were 53 (91.4%) out of 58 patients. Conclusion: The open interlocking nailing technique for close fractures shaft of femur without the use of image intensifier achieved excellent results in terms of fracture union. Results obtained are mostly similar to the results of close interlocking nailing and it also requires less expertise, recourses and without the use of image intensifier.  

Keywords: Close Femoral Shaft Fracture; Open Interlocking nail

Full Text:

PDF

References


Court-Brown CM, Heckman JD, McQueen MM, Ricci WM, Tornetta P, McKee MD. Rockwood and Green’s fractures in adults. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015.

Canale ST, Azar FM, Beaty JH, Campbell WC. Campbell’s operative orthopaedics. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier, Inc; 2017; p.4.

Chapman MW, Mahory M. The role of early internal fixation in the management of open fractures. Clin Orthop 1979;138:120–31.

4 Winquist RA, Hansen ST Jr, Clawson DK. Closed intramedullary nailing of femoral fractures: A report of five hundred and twenty cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1984;66(4):529–39.

5 Grosse A, Christie J, Taglang G, Court-Brownc, MC Queen M. Open adult femoral shaft fractures treated by early Interlocking Nail. J Bone Joint Surg 1993;75(4):562–5.

6 Brumback RJ, Relilly PJ, Poka A, Lakatos RP, Bathon HG, Burgess RA. Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral shaft Fractures. J Bone Joint Surg 1998;70(10):1453–62.

Canale ST, Beaty JH, Campbell WC, Daugherty K, Burns B. Campbell’ s operative orthopaedics: get full access and more at ExpertConsult.com. 12. ed., internat. ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier, Mosby; 2013.

Bailey and Loves, Short Practice of Surgery. General Principles of fractures and dislocation 24th ed. Churchill living stone; 2012.

Grover J, Wiss DA. A prospective study of the fractures of the femoral shaft treated with a static, Intramedullary Interlocking Nail comparing one versus two distal screws. Orthop Clin North Am 1995;26(1):139–46.

Brien WW, Kuschner SH, Brien EW, Wiss DA. The management of gunshot wounds to the femur. Orthop Clin North Am 1995;26(1):133–8.

Meena RC, Kundnani V, Hussain Z. Fracture of the shaft of the femur: Close vs. open interlocking nailing. Indian J Orthop 2006;40(4):243–6.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] [ayubmed.edu.pk]