• Saeed Ashraf Cheema
  • Awais Ahmad


Background: The minimum distance between two stimulus points on the skin, which are perceived asdistinct points, is defined as two point discrimination (TPD). Among the two types of TPD, i.e., staticand dynamic, static two-point discrimination (STPD) is commonly used to determine digital nerveintegrity. Local flaps usually do well in maintaining sensibility of the covered area in terms of two-pointdiscrimination in contrast to split thickness skin grafts (STSG). Aim was to determine the frequency ofsensory deficit in terms of Two Point Discrimination (TPD) in Split Thickness Skin Grafts (STSG) andlocal flaps for soft tissue defects of fingers three months postoperatively. Methods: Thirty-five patientsunderwent local flap coverage and other thirty-five had split thickness skin grafting for soft tissuedefects of fingers depending upon nature of defect. Patients were followed up at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks.TPD, measured at 3 months of follow-up, of 7 mm was considered normal (no sensory deficit) andTPD of 8mm or more was considered as sensory deficit. Results: The sensory deficit observed at theend of 12th week post operatively was 8.6% in the patients with local flap coverage (3 patients) and45.7% with STSG (16 patients). Patients with no sensory deficit were 91.4% (32 patients) in the localflap coverage and 54.3% (19 patients) in the STSG at 12th week of follow up. The relative ratio (RR) ofsensory deficit in local flaps and STSG was 5 (>2). Conclusions: Local flaps are better options interms of TPD preservation as opposed to STSG for soft tissue defects of fingers.Keywords: Finger Injuries, Two Point Discrimination, Split Thickness Skin Grafting, Local flaps


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