• Khalida Naz Memon
  • Rafique Ahmed Soomro
  • Mohammad Shahid Ansari


Background: The morbidity associated with skin diseases makes them an important public healthproblem. Very scanty literature is found on the problem which is either disease-based, communitybased or a specified population group-based. Objective of this study was to assess the pattern ofskin diseases in patients and to determine their relation with demographic characteristics.Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at Dermatology Out-patient Department ofLiaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan for the period from 10th January to 10th February2008. Four hundred and eleven patients were enrolled during the study period. The studypopulation comprised of newly diagnosed cases as well as relapsing cases presenting at thefacility. The criterion for registering the patients was clinical diagnosis although few cases weresupported by investigations, too. The data was collected through a pre-designed questionnaire andanalysed through SPSS-12. Result: Skin problems are fairly common among children and women.In children of less than 10 years age, 82.5% visiting the facility suffer from infectious skindiseases. Among the infectious diseases, scabies is highly prevalent disease (45.5%). The majorityof the patients belong to rural or slum areas (77.2%), low socio-economic strata (68.9%), andliving in overcrowded families (82%). A strong association between skin infections and waterinadequacy (p=0.016) was found, and scabies shows a strong statistical association withovercrowding (p=0.025). Conclusion: The skin diseases involve every age strata of ourpopulation but it is fairly common in younger age group, women, and people who do not practicehygiene. Out-reach services for the rural and slum communities and health education will givegood results on prevention of skin diseases.Keywords: Skin diseases, demographic characteristics, environmental factors.


Thappa DM. History of dermatology, venereology and

leprology in India. J Postgrad Med 2002;48(2):160–5.

Kathem K, Rubiay A. Dermato-epidemiology: A Household

survey among two urban areas in Basrah City, Iraq. Int J

Dermatol 2005;44:641–5.

Rao GS, Kumar SS, Sandhya. Pattern of skin diseases in an

Indian village. Indian J Med Sci 2003;57(3):108–10.

Dogra S, Kumar B. Epidemiology of Skin Diseases in School

Children: A Study from Northern India. Pediatr Dermatol


Karthikeyan K, Thappa DM, Jeevankumar B. Pattern of

Pediatric Dermatoses in a Referral Center in South India.

Indian Pediatr 2004;41:373–7.

Maria K, Sridhar KS, Pramond K, Rao G. Pattern of skin

diseases in Bantwal Taluq, Dakshina Kannada. Indian J

Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2000;66(5):247–8.

Hay R, Bendeck SE, Chen S. Skin Diseases. In: Jamison DT,

Breman JG, Measham AR, editors. Disease Control Priorities

in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Washington (DC):

World Bank; 2006. Chapter 37. Available from:

Nuzhat Y, Khan MR. Spectrum of common childhood skin

diseases: A single centre experience. J Pak Med Assoc


Abbas Z, Hosein M. Prevalence of skin diseases in Hamedan,

Iran in 2002. Indian J Dermatol 2005;50(4):208–11.