• Farhat Hussain Mirza
  • Qudsia Hasan
  • Akhtar Amin Memon
  • Syeda Ezz-e-Rukhshan Adil


Background: Sharp weapons are one of the most violent and abhorrent means of deaths. This studyassesses the frequency of sharp weapon deaths in Karachi. Methods: This was a cross sectional study,and involves the deaths by sharp weapons autopsied in Karachi during Mar 2008–Feb 2009. Results:This study reports that the frequency of sharp weapon deaths in Karachi is similar to some other studiesconducted in different regions of Pakistan, yet it is very high as the population of Karachi is way morethan any other metropolis of Pakistan. Our study reported that out of 2090 medico-legal deaths inKarachi during the study period, 91 deaths were due to sharp weapons, including 73 (80.2%) males and18 (19.8%) females. 100% of the deaths were homicides, so none were suicides. Deaths were morefrequent in age group ranging from 20–39 years (59.3 %). Conclusion: Sharp weapon deaths continueto be a means of quite a number of deaths in Karachi. Such violence depicts intolerant and frustratednature of the citizens.Keywords: Autopsy, homicide, sharp weapon, death


Wilcox DE. The relationship of mental illness to homicide.

American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry. 1985;6(1):3–15.

Faretra G. A profile of aggression from adolescence to

adulthood: an 18-year follow-up of psychiatrically disturbed and

violent adolescents. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1981;51:439–53.

Yousfani GM, Memon MU. Spectrum of Unnatural Deaths in

Hyderabad: An Autopsy Based Study. J Dow Uni Health

Sciences 2010;4(2):54–7.

Hassan Q, Shah MM, Bashir MZ. Homicide in Abbottabad. J

Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2005;17(1):78–80.

Marri MZ, Bashir MZ, Munawar AZ, Khalil ZH, Khalil IR.

Analysis of Homicidal Deaths in Peshawar, Pakistan. J Ayub

Med Coll Abbottabad 2006;18(4):30–3.

Bashir MZ, Saeed A, Khan D, Aslam M, Iqbal J, Ahmad M.

Pattern of homicidal deaths in Faisalabad. J Ayub Med Coll

Abbotabad 2004;9(1):57–9.

Kaheri GQ, Hussain Z, Saeed A, Balouch ZA, Memon A, Khalil

IR. Sharp injury fatalities in Peshawar. Med Channel


Tajammul N, Chaudhry TH, Hanif S, Bhatti MA. Profile of

Medicolegal cases at Jinnah Hospital Lahore. Ann King Edward

Med Uni 2005;11:332–5.

Qadir G, Aziz K. The study of homicidal deaths in Larkana. Pak

Postgrad Med J 2000;11(2):79–80.

Brennan IR, Moore SC, Shepherd JP. Non-firearm weapon use

and injury severity: priorities for prevention. Inj Prev


Webb E, Wyatt JP, Henry J, Busuttil A. A comparison of fatal

and non fatal knife injuries in Edinburgh. Forensic Sci Int


Leyland AH. Homicides involving knives and other sharp objects

in Scotland, 1981-2003. J Pub Health 2006;28(2):145–7.

Gill Jr, Catanese C. Sharp injury fatalities in New York City. J

Forensic Sci 2002;47:554–7.

Bostrom L, Heinius G, Nilsson B. Trends in the incidence and

severity of stab wounds in Sweden 1987-1994. Eur J Surg


Swann IJ, Macmillan R, Watson AA. A study of stab wounds.

Archives Emerg Med 1985;2:31–6.

Rodge S, Hougen HP, Poulsen K. Homicide by sharp force in

two Scandinavian capitals. Forensic Sci Int 2000;109(2):135–45.

Demyttenaere SV, Nansamba C, Nganwa A, Mutto M, Lett R,

Razek T. Injury in Kampala, Uganda: 6 years later. J Can Chir


Katkici U, Ozkok MS, Orsal M. An autopsy evaluation of

defence wounds in 195 homicidal deaths due to stabbing. J

Forensic Sci Soc. 1994;34:237–40.

Hilal A, Cekin N, Gulmen MK, Ozdemir MH, Karanfil R.

Homicide in Adana, Turkey: a-5 year review. Am J Forensic

Med Pathol 2005;26(2):141–5.

Kumar V, Li AK, Zanial AZ, Lee DA, Salleh SA. A study of

homicidal deaths in medicolegal autopsies at UMMC, Kuala

Lumpur. J Clin Forensic Med 2005;12:254–7.

Gupta A. A study of homicidal deaths in Delhi. Med Sci Law


Saeed A, Bashir MZ, Khan D, Iqbal J, Raja KS, Rehman A.

Epidemiology of suicide in Faisalabad. J Ayub Med Coll

Abbottabad 2002;14(4):34–7.