AWARENESS REGARDING OBESITY AMONGST GENERAL PHYSICIANS OF KARACHI

Fatima Mannan, Khawaja Zain Hasan, Honey Raj, Nosheen Zehra, Mohammad Ali, Khawaja Saad Haq, Zaid Shamsi, Wasiya Irfan

Abstract


Background: Obesity is considered a disease and one of the fastest growing global threats. In Pakistan General Physicians (GPs) are approached first in case of any disease thus their knowledge and practices regarding obesity are very important to assess. Our objective was to assess the knowledge and practices of GPs regarding obesity and management. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among GPs of Karachi. 140 GPs from 17 towns of Karachi were selected by convenience sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS-16. Results: Total 140 GPs with mean age of 46.1±11.1 years were included in the study. Among them 90 (64.3%) were males and 40 (28.3%) were females. Awareness was assessed regarding factors related to obesity and knowledge was compared on basis of qualification and knowledge update. Significant difference was found for insufficient physical activity (p=0.001) and social problems (p=0.02). On the basis of knowledge update, stress and anxiety (p=0.013) were found to be significant. Significant difference was found in readings for BMI (p=0.038) and waist circumference (p=0.000) to label patient obese. Among several lifestyle modifications advised, significant difference was found for increase fibre in diet (p=0.006), low fat intake (p=0.003), low carbohydrate intake (p=0.02). Conclusion: Overall awareness regarding obesity was fair among GPs, while certain gaps were found in criteria for labelling patient obese. Significant difference in knowledge of GPs was found among those GPs who update their knowledge and who did not.

Keywords: Obesity, General Physicians, BMI, Karachi

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. 2000;894:i-xii, 1–253.

Hossain P, Kawar B, El Nahas M. Obesity and diabetes in the developing world —a growing challenge. N Engl J Med 2007;356(3):213–5.

World Health Organization. WHO global infobase: Infobase country page.

Odgen CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, McDowell MA, Tabak CJ, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in United States, 1999–2004. JAMA 2006;295:1549–55.

Zaher ZM, Zambari R, Pheng CS, Muruga V, Ng B, Appannah G, et al. Optimal cut-off levels to define obesity: body mass index and waist circumference, and their relationship to cardiovascular disease, dyslipidaemia, hypertension and diabetes in Malaysia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2009;18(2):209–16.

Shiraishi J, Kohno Y, Sawada T, Nishizawa S, Arihara M, Hadase M, et al. Relation of obesity to acute myocardial infarction in Japanese patients. Circ J 2006;70(12):1525–30.

Chang CJ, Wu CH, Chang CS, Yao WJ, Yang YC, Wu JS, et al. Low body mass index but high percent body fat in Taiwanese subjects: implications of obesity cutoffs. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003;27(2):253–9.

Vikram NK, Pandey RM, Misra A Sharma R, Devi JR, Khanna N. Non obese (body mass less than 25 Kg/m2) Asian Indians with normal waist circumference have a high cardiovascular risk. Nutrition 2003;19(6):503–9.

Sidney C Smith Jr, David Haslam. Abdominal obesity, waist circumference and cardio-metabolic risk: awareness among primary care physicians, the general population and patients at risk —the Shape of Nations Survey. Curr Med Res Opin 2007;23(1):29–47.

Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Dans T, Avezum A, Lanas F, et al. Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case control study. Lancet 2004;364:937–52.

Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, Bautista L, Franzosi MG, Commerford P, et al. Obesity and risk of myocardial infarction in 27000 participants from 52 countries: case control study. Lancet 2005;366:1640–9.

WHO consultation. Appropriate body mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 2004;363:157–63.

Khan TM. Country watch: Pakistan. AIDS STD Health Promot Exch 1995;(4):7–8.

Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ 2006;174:801–9.

Koch FS, Sepa A, Ludvigsson J. Psychological stress and obesity. J Pediatr 2008;153(6):839–44.

Janssen I, Craig WM, Boyce WF, Pickett W. Associations between overweight and obesity with bullying behaviors in school-aged children. Pediatrics 2004;113:1187–94.

Nanan DJ. The obesity pandemic—implications for Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2002;52(8):342–6.

Oda E. Cut points of waist circumference (Letter). Diabetes Care 2006;29:1188–9.

Astrup A, Ryan L, Grunwald GK, Storgaard M, Saris W, Melanson E, et al. The role of dietary fat in body fatness: evidence from a preliminary meta-analysis of ad libitum low-fat dietary intervention studies. Br J Nutr 2000;83(Supp 1):S25–32.

Bray GA, Popkin BM. Dietary fat intake does affect obesity! Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68:1157–73.

Summerbell CD, Douthwaite W, Whittaker V, Ells LJ, Hillier F, Smith S, et al. The association between diet and physical activity and subsequent excess weight gain and obesity assessed at 5 years of age or older: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence. Int J Obes 2009;33(Suppl 3):S1–92.

Bes-Rastrollo M, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Sanchez-Villegas A, de la Fuente Arrillaga C, Martinez JA. Association of fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with weight gain in a Mediterranean population. Nutrition 2006;22(5):504–11.

Blundell JE, Burley VJ. Satiation, satiety and the action of fibre on food intake. Int J Obes 1987;11 Suppl 1:9–25


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] [ayubmed.edu.pk]