EFFECT OF ESTRADIOL LEVELS ON PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN OBESE WOMEN

Rehana Rehman, Zahir Hussain, Naveed Faraz

Abstract


Background: The incidence of obesity in women of reproductive age group has encountered problems
of infertility with frequent referral to reproductive clinics. In order to know whether increase in body
mass index (BMI) is associated with poor reproductive outcome, current study was aimed to relate
women’s BMI, estradiol (E2) levels, and clinic pregnancy rates after intra cytoplasmic sperm injection
(ICSI). Methods: Quasi experimental design of 323 women was conducted from June 2010 till August
2011. Women were grouped on the basis of BMI; Group A, BMI <18 (underweight); Group B, BMI
18–22.9 (normal weight); Group C, BMI 23–25.9 (overweight); and Group D, BMI ≥26 (obese).
Procedure of ICSI commenced by down regulation of ovaries followed by controlled ovarian
stimulation. Oocyte pickup was done 36 hours after ovulation induction by hCG, eggs fertilised in vitro
were graded and only blastocysts were transferred. Serum samples of basal E2, peak E2 (day of hCG
administration) and mid-luteal E2 (7 days after egg collection) measured by ELISA were compared in
all BMI groups. Pregnancy outcome of these was categorised as: no conception β-hCG <5 mIU/ml,
preclinical abortion with β-hCG >5 mIU/ml, no cardiac activity on transvaginal scan (TVS) and clinical
pregnancy with β-hCG >5 mIU/ml and cardiac activity on trans-vaginal scan. Results: Obese women
with BMI ≥26 had lowest basal, peak and mid-luteal E2 with minimum clinical pregnancy rates
compared to rest of the groups. Conclusion: A high BMI is associated with decreased E2 levels in all
phases of ovarian cycle and has a negative impact on pregnancy outcome.
Keywords: Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection, Body mass Index, Estradiol, Obesity, Infertility

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