EARLY COMPLICATIONS OF ELECTIVE AND EMERGENCY TRACHEOSTOMY

Raza Muhammad, Farida Khan, Fazal Rehman, Johar Iqbal, Munib Khan, Gohar Ullah

Abstract


Background: Tracheostomy is a life saving procedure when it is performed for an appropriate
indication and surgical technique. The aim of this study was to compare the early complications of
elective and emergency tracheostomy in our setup. Methods: This comparative study was conducted
at the ENT Department, Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC) from March 2009 to March 2010. A
total of 100 patients included in this study were divided in to two equal groups, group A undergoing
elective tracheostomy and group B undergoing emergency tracheostomy. The results of hundred
patients were compared and analysed from stand point of age, sex, disease pattern, operative
procedure and postoperative complications associated with tracheostomy. Results: A total of 100
patients were included with age ranging from 17 to 88 years. The average age was 35 years in
elective cases and was 32 years in emergency cases. The male to female ratio was 2.9:1 in elective
cases and 4.6:1 in emergency cases. The overall complications rates were 38% in elective cases and
56% in emergency cases. Conclusion: Early complications of emergency tracheostomy are more
common than elective tracheostomy.
Keywords: Tracheostomy, complications

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