ANTERIOR ARCH CROWDING —A POSSIBLE PREDICTOR FOR MANDIBULAR THIRD MOLAR IMPACTION

M Junaid Lakhani, Wahab Kadri, Hassan Mehdi, Houshang Sukhia, Asma Bano, Sania Yaqoob

Abstract


Background: Impaction of the 3rd molar is a high incident problem occurring in up to 73% of
young adults in Europe. Appropriate follow-up routines and optimal timing for surgical
removal of the 3rd molars can be established in patients judged to be at increased risk of
impaction. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for mandibular 3rd molar
impaction in adolescent orthodontic patients and to establish anterior arch crowding as a
predictive model for mandibular 3rd molar impaction. Methods: Pre-treatment
Orthopantomogram (OPG) of 158 orthodontic patients with the evidence of anterior arch
crowding on pre-treatment study models were evaluated for mandibular third molar position.
Results: Out of 158 patients, 45 were male and 113 were female. Ninety-seven (61%) of the
patients showed anterior arch crowding with a space discrepancy of 5–10 mm calculated on
the pretreatment study models. Fifty-seven patients showed 107 third molar impactions.
Anterior arch crowding in these patients was ranging from 7–10 mm. Out of 107 impacted
third molars 73 were Mesioangular 14 were Distoangular 6 were Vertical and 14 were
Horizontal. Conclusion: If the arch size is smaller as compared to the tooth size the evidence
of lack of space would be there in anterior segment as crowding and in posterior segment as
3rd molar impaction.
Keywords: Mandibular third molar impaction; anterior arch crowding

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