RELATIONSHIP OF LIFE STYLE CHOICES ON BODY FAT MASS IN YOUNG ADULTS

Rehana Rehman, Saif ullah Shaikh, Sadiqa Syed, Nayyab Shakeel

Abstract


Background: Healthy diets and regular, adequate physical activity are major factors in the
promotion and maintenance of good health throughout entire life course. Accumulation of fat
occurs whenever energy consumed by food and drinks exceeds that which can be utilised by an
individual’s metabolism and physical activity. The objective of this study was to estimate the
effect of lifestyle characteristics of a representative segment of medical students in terms of fast
food preferences and participation in physical activity with respect to Body Mass Index (BMI).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Physiology Department, Bahria University
Medical & Dental College, Karachi on 192 students of 1st and 2nd year MBBS. Body Mass index
of students was calculated. They were classified into 4 groups with BMI ≤18.5, 18.6–23, 23.1–25
and ≥25 respectively. A life style questionnaire, based on preferences for healthy/unhealthy food,
dietary habits and participation in physical activity was filled. Results: Most of medical students
(65%) had BMI less than 23. It was because of selection of healthy dietary pattern with nutritious
food (p<0.09) and participation in outdoor games (p<0.03). Males who had high BMI showed a
tendency to daily intake of fast food (p<0.03). Walking in both the sexes had a positive impact in
maintaining normal BMI (p= Males<0.04, females<0.001). Conclusion: Obesity can be prevented
by innovative approaches, easiest of which is to promote active life styles with intake of healthy
diet and involvement in physical activity.
Keywords: BMI, obese, overweight

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO: Global strategy on diet, Physical activity and Health May

http://www.who.int/dietphysical activity/en/

Mathew J R, Ann PR. Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics Among

Adults in the United States, 2000 Arch Intern

Med 2005;165:854–7.

WHO: Fact sheet http://www.WHO.int/media center/fact

sheets/fs311/en/index.html.

Becquey E, Savy M, Danel P, Dabiré HB, Tapsoba S,

Martin-Prével Y. Dietary patterns of adult living in

Ouagadougou and their association with overweight. Nutr J

;9:13.

Azadbakht L, Mrmiran P, Shiva N, Azizi F. General obesity and

central adiposity in a representative sample of Tehranian adults:

prevalence and determinants. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2005;75:297–304.

Petersen L, Schnohr P, Sørensen TI. Longitudinal study of the

long term relation between physical activity and obesity in adults.

Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004;28:105–12.

Kant K. Dietary pattern analysis; a new direction in nutritional

etiology. Curr Opin Lipidol 2004;13:3–9.

Rezazadeh A and Rashidkhani B. The association of general and

central obesity with major dietary patterns of adult women living

in Tehran.Iran. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 2010;56:132–8.

Khani BR, Yew, Terry P, Wolk A. Reproducibility and validity

of dietary patterns among Swedish women assessed with a food

frequency questionnaire. Nutr 2004;134:1541–5.

Hu FB, Rimm E, Smith WSA. Reproducibility and validity of

dietary patterns assessed with a food frequency questionnaire.

Am J Clin Nutr 1999;69:243–9.

Kim SY. The role of dietary fibre in the development and

treatment of childhood obesity. Pediatrics 1995:96:1010–4.

Pariera MA, Van Horn L, Slattery ML, Jacobs DR Jr, et al. Fast

food habits, weight gain and insulin resistance (CARDIA study):

year prospective analysis. Lancet 2005;365:36–42.

Mustelin L, Pietiläinen KH, Rissanen A, Sovijärvi AR, Piirilä

P, Naukkarinen J, et al. Acquired obesity and poor physical

fitness impair expression of genes of mitochondrial oxidative

Phosphorylation in monozygotic twins discordant for obesity

centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Am J Physiol

Endocrinol Metab 2008;295(1):E148–54.

Troiano RP. Physical inactivity among young people. N Engl J

Med 2002;347(10):706.

Sichieri R. Dietary patterns and their associations with obesity in

the Brazilian city of Rio de Janero. Obesity Res 2002;10:42–8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] [ayubmed.edu.pk]