DISEASE PATTERN IN EARTHQUAKE AFFECTED AREAS OF PAKISTAN: DATA FROM KAGHAN VALLEY

Nasir Shah, Minhaj Anwar Abro, Mairaj Anwar Abro, Asma Khan, Fahad Anwar, Hina Akhtar

Abstract


Background: In 2005 northern parts of Pakistan were hit by an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 on rector
scale. Fatima Memorial Hospital established a Primary Health care centre in village of Jared in Kaghan
valley. The objective of the study was to find the pattern of different diseases presetting to health centre.
Methods: All cases between August 2006 and December 2008 were included from the daily outpatient
record of the centre. Data was analyses using SPSS-17. Frequency of different diseases and groups of
diseases in different age groups, sexes and time of the year were the main outcome variables. Results:
Total number of patients was 22,122 with a mean age of 26±16 years. The number of female patients
was 12,634 (57.1%) and males were 9,488 (42.9%). The single most common condition in the study
period was viral upper respiratory tract infection (5,042, 23%), followed by Scabies (3,757, 17%), Acid
Peptic Disease (3,157, 14.3%), Urinary Tract infection (1,197, 5.4%) and Hypertension (n=933, 4.2%).
There was a high number of young patients with urinary tract infection and hypertension. Conclusion:
Communicable diseases like viral respiratory tract infection and scabies were the most common
infections. Acid peptic disease was the most common non-communicable medical problem. Except eye
conditions, all diseases were more common in summer and rainy season.
Keywords: Disease pattern, 2005 earthquake, earthquake affected areas, Pakistan

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