ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF 1–5 YEAR OLD CHILDREN IN AN URBAN UNION COUNCIL OF ABBOTTABAD

Hassam Saqib Lodhi, Mahmood -Ur- Rehman, Fahd Saqib Lodhi, Salim Wazir, Huma Jadoon

Abstract


Background: Malnutrition is one the major public health problem in developing countries. In Pakistan
more than 38% of the children are under weight and stunted. The current study is being done to access
the nutrition status of children of 6 months to 5 years in District Abbottabad. The objectives of the
study were to determine the macronutrient deficiency both acute and chronic in children 1–5 years of
age, and recommend appropriate interventions. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was
conducted in an urban Union Council (UC) of District Abbottabad, with a sample size of 100, selected
through simple random sampling. For data collection a questionnaire was designed. Results:
According to height for age Z-score, out of 100 children studied, 80 were normal while 17 were stunted
and 3 were severely stunted. According to weight for age Z score, 79 children were normal, 11 were
underweight and 10 were severely underweight. According to weight for height Z-score, 83 children
were normal while 13 were wasted and 4 were severely wasted. Conclusion: Macronutrient deficiency
is prevalent in our children. Macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies can also occur concomitantly.
The nutritional deficiency affects our children since their embryonic lives. The nutritional deficiency
makes children vulnerable to contract diarrhoeal diseases, acute respiratory infections and other
infections that further compound the situation.
Keywords: Malnutrition, Nutrition assessment, under-5 children, Anthropometry, wasting, stunting,
urban Pakistan

Full Text:

PDF

References


SCN. SCN News Update. SCN, Geneva; Dec 2002.

Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2006–07. Economic advisory

wing, Finance division, Government of Pakistan.

Health and Development. available from: www.who.int/nutirtion.

[Cited on Jan 25, 2009]

Nutrition Ecology International Center. Under nutrition and

malnutrition in the world. NEIC, Geneva; 2004.

Rana A, Qureshi FA, Hansotia MF, Randell J, Rasheed S, Khan

IA, et al. Human Nutrition. In: Iliyas M, editor. Public health and

Community Medicine. Karachi: Time Publisher; 2006.P.321–50.

Khan MA, Baker J. Nutrition in primary health care. 2nd ed.

Islamabad: National Nutrition foundation; 1988.

World Health Organization and Food and Agricultural

Organization of the United Nations. Vitamins and minerals

requirements in human nutrition. 2nd ed. Bangkok: WHO/FAO;

Khan MA, Qazi SA. Consequences of malnutrition. Islamabad:

National Nutrition Foundation; 1990.

Ergin F, Okyay P, Atasoylu G, Beser E. Nutritional status and

risk factors of chronic malnutrition in children under five years of

age in Aydin, a western city of Turkey. The Turkish Journal of

Pediatrics 2007;49(3):283–9.

Park K. Park’s textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 19th

ed. Jabalpur India: M/s Banarisidas Bhanot; 2007.

National Nutrition Survey of Pakistan, Federal Ministry of

Health. Islamabad: FMOH; 2003.

UNICEF. Progress for children. Number 4. New York, May

p.3–32

Pakistan Census Report 1998, Government of Pakistan.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] [ayubmed.edu.pk]