PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG OBESE AND NON-OBESE PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

Sher Bahadar Khan, Lubna Noor, Hafiz -ur- Rehman, Hameed ullah, Mohammad Hafeezullah, Zahid Aslam Awan, Shahab ud Din, Syed Sadiq Shah

Abstract


Background: Globally, obesity is now recognised as an epidemic. The degree of obesity is
proportional to the rate of development of cardiovascular diseases, hence, resulting in a dramatic
increase in morbidity and mortality. Apart from obesity, hypertension is another well recognised risk
factor contributing to coronary artery disease (CAD). The precise prevalence of obesity-related
hypertension varies with age, race and gender; and is yet unknown in our population. The objective of
this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension in obese and non-obese patients with
diagnosed CAD. Methods: This hospital based descriptive study was conducted in Cardiology
Department of Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from 15th March 2007
to 30th May 2008. A total of 200 patients with diagnosed CAD were enrolled, 100 were found obese
and 100 non-obese. Results: Among these, a total of 111 (55.5%) were found to be hypertensive, 66
(59.46%) of these were obese and 45 (40.54%) non-obese (p=0.003). Conclusion: Obese patients with
CAD had significantly more frequent hypertension.
Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, CAD, Body Mass Index, BMI, Obesity, Hypertension

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