VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS: ADULT POPULATION OF ABBOTTABAD AT RISK NOW

Muhammad Idris, Jamila Farid, Nasreen Gul, Anis -ur- Rehman

Abstract


Leishmaniasis is a disease complex caused by the parasite of genus Leishmania. Visceral
Leishmaniasis is caused by Leishmania donovani transmitted to human by sand fly. Some wild
animals and human reservoir is the major reservoir in most of the cases. The disease is prevalent in
different parts of the world including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sudan and Brazil. It has also been
reported from Northern half of Pakistan. In Hazara Division, it has been reported from Galiat,
Battagram, Kaladhaka, Kohistan, Balakot, Kaghan and adjoining areas of Azad Jammu &
Kashmir. A focus of visceral Leishmaniasis was detected in villages located about 15 Km from
Abbottabad city in year 2000. Sporadic cases were reported from the suburbs of Abbottabad but
not from Abbottabad city. All these cases and cases from the other parts of Pakistan were children
<12 years of age and the disease was not seen in adults except only one child, 11 year old. We
report the 1st case from this area which is 16 years old girl.
Keywords: Leishmaniasis, Sand fly, LD bodies

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