COMPARISON OF GENDER PERFORMANCE ON AN INTELLIGENCE TEST AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS

Muhammad Sohail Ali, Muhammad Imran Suliman, Abida Kareem, Mariam Iqbal

Abstract


Background: Since the Government of Pakistan abolished the gender based system of admission to
medical colleges, all colleges have seen a huge influx of female medical students, reaching up to 70–
80% of all students in some colleges. This trend is still persisting about 15 years after the decision.
The objectives of the current study were to assess if there is any significant difference between male
and female medical students in scores on a structured, standard, robust test of intellectual ability.
Exact venue of the research is withheld for confidentiality. The study was carried out in 2003–2005.
Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study with sample size of 150 students, 75 male and 75
female students. Participants signed a consent form, were assessed on Raven’s Standard Progressive
Matrices (SPM), and data was analysed using SPSS-12. Results: On the SPM test, the male students
as a group, scored higher than the female students as a group, the difference was small but
statistically significant (p=0.015). Conclusion: Performance on the SPM inclines in favour of the
male gender group. More research needs to be carried out into the other possible factors that could
explain the gender disparity in medical colleges in Pakistan.
Keywords: Gender, intelligence, performance, IQ Scoring

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