RELATIONSHIP OF BODY MASS INDEX AND DYSLIPIDEMIA IN DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS OF MALE AND FEMALE POPULATION OF PESHAWAR

Anjum Humayun, Arbab Sher Shah, Shamim Alam, Hamid Hussein

Abstract


Background: BMI is linearly related to the total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride
concentrations and is, however, inversely related with HDL cholesterol, Dyslipidaemia has been
recognized to be strongly associated with overweight and obesity and its comorbid conditions.
Overweight and obesity is conveniently determined from body mass index (BMI). Present study was
conducted in Khyber Medical College, Peshawar to investigate the importance of age in relation to
BMI with dyslipidaemia. Methods: The study was conducted in Khyber Medical College Peshawar
during a span of period covering from 2008 to 2009. A total of 500 volunteer male and female subjects
were included, which were grouped according to age. Lipid profile was obtained against BMI of the
subjects, categorized as normal, overweight and obese in different age groups. Results: The prevalence
of dyslipidaemia was both age and gender dependent. Dyslipidaemia show an increasing trend with age
in both male and female subjects. In females, dyslipidaemia shows a gradual increase with age for all
BMI categories. However, in males, the trend is different. It has been observed that the percentage of
females having dyslipidaemia was less as compared to males in the age between 20 and 59 years. On
the other hand, dyslipidaemia shows a dramatic increase in females above the age of 59 years.
Conclusion: There is increase in dyslipidaemia trend in our subjects with increase in BMI and age.
Keywords: BMI, Dyslipidaemia, HDL-C, LDL-C

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