AWARDS IN MEDICINE AND DERMATOLOGY

Khalid M.Al Aboud, Ahmad M. Al Aboud, Khalid A.Al Hawsawi, V Ramesh

Abstract


An award is something granted or given in
recognition of one’s meritorious work. The value of
giving prizes to recognize exceptional work, and the
need to publicize such awards to enhance their value
cannot be disputed. In the field of medicine, there are
several international awards. These include, the King
Faisal International Prize for Medicine1,2, Nobel
Prize3, Prince Mahidol Award 4and Sheikh Hamdan
Bin Rashid Al Makhtoum Award for Medical
Sciences.5 In addition, there are many other
international awards for medicine, including the
Gairdner Foundation International awards for
outstanding biomedical research and the American
Medical Association (AMA) Foundation's
international awards in Medicine and Public Health
for Outstanding international service. Kuwait
foundation for advancement of sciences also gives
several medical awards.
The most famous one is the Nobel Prize for
Physiology or Medicine. It was first given in 1901.
The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the single most
prestigious award given for intellectual achievement
in the world. The Nobel Prize was established from a
fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish
inventor and industrialist Alfred Nobel in his will
drafted in 1895 for the award of five prizes annually
in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or
Medicine, Literature and Peace. A sixth for
Economics was added in 1968.
Part of the Nobel Prize's prestige stems from
the serious research that goes into the selection of the
prizewinners. Prizes may be given only to
individuals, except for the Peace Prize, which may be
given to an institution. Each Nobel Prize consists of a
gold medal, a diploma bearing a citation, and a sum
of money, the amount of which depends on the
income of the Nobel Foundation. A sum of
$1,120,000 accompanied each prize in 1996. A Nobel
Prize is given entirely to one person, divided equally
between two persons, or shared by three persons.
Table-1 shows the previous winners, in the last five
years, of Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.

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References


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