CURRENT SPECTRUM OF GENERALISED PERITONITIS

Shahjehan Afridi, Syed Sultan, Rashid Ahmad

Abstract


One hundred twenty-one consecutive cases of Generalised peritonitis under two General
Surgical Units were studied retrospectively.
The aetiology and outcome were documented to know the spectrum and compared with
other reported series.
The most common cause was typhoid perforations of which there were thirty-five cases.
The second common cause was perforated Appendicitis of which there were twenty eight cases. The
third largest group of peritonitis was due to Gangrene of Gut of which there were 18 cases. The 4th
most common cause was duodenal ulcer perforation of which there were sixteen cases. The
miscellaneous group consisted of twenty-four cases. Over-all mortality was 18%. It is notable that
only two deaths occurred in patient with peritonitis associated with Appendicitis. There were 73
male and 48 female patients. The death ratio male to female was 2:1 (14 males and 7 female).

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