CANCER URINARY BLADDER 5 YEAR EXPERIENCE AT CENAR, QUETTA

ROOH ULLAH, J NUSRAT, SRH I HAMDAN, CM Burdy, A Khurshid

Abstract


Background: Purpose of this study was to sec the incidence, age. sex. ideographical distribution, symptoms,
personal habits, signs, histo-pathology. early diagnosis and management of cases of Cancer Urinary Bladder (Ca
IB) in the patients coming to CTNAR. Quetta. Pakistan Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at Cl
VAR for a period of 5 years from I'1 Jan 1993 to 3I-1 Dec. 97. In which about 100 cases of cancer of urinary
bladder were included, out of which 82 patients were male and 12 were females. Results: During our 5-year
period of study. 3571 new cases of cancer were registered at CENAR, out of which 100 (2 8% of total No. of
cases) were of Ca UB. Hence 20 new cases of Cl UB per year were registered at CTNAR I he maximum number
of cases was registered in 1996 Conclusion: Our study concluded that Ca UB occurs more in male with a male
female ratio of 4.5 I and a high incidence after 40 years of age. No patient below 20 was reported.
Histopathologically. Transitional Cell Carcinoma was dominating (75%). Other histological types seen were
squamous cell carcinoma 14%). Adenocarcinoma 13%). UD (5%) and HPNA (10%) A considerable number of
patients were using different preparations of tobacco (cigarette smoking (6%). Hubble-Bubble (5%) and Niswar
(Snuff) (12%). The patients were mainly treated with Radiotherapy, because at the time of reporting they were
already in stage II or beyond (97%). Some patients were also treated by surgery such as TUR. partial or radical
cystectomy. A few patients (6%) also received chemotherapy.

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