CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN DRINKING WATER OF DIFFERENT LOCALITIES IN DISTRICT EAST KARACHI

MUHAMMAD ASIF JALEEL, ROZINA NOREEN, ABDUL BASEER

Abstract


Background: Several heavy metals are present in drinking water that play important roles in the body provided their
level remains within the specified range recommended by WHO. But now due to the industriali7ation and rapid
urbanization, the problems of pollution have surfaced. This study was designed to ascertain the contents of some heavy
metals and then their variations if any in drinking water in different localities of district East of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: Drinking water samples were collected from different sources and localities of district East of Karachi. The
concentration of the heavy metals i.e. Lead, Arsenic. Copper, Iron. Mercury, Chromium, Manganese, Nickel,
Cadmium and Zinc were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. Phi was estimated by pH meter. Total
dissolved solids (TDS) were calculated by formula. These concentrations of heavy metals, pH and TDS were
compared with the standards set by WHO. Results: Concentrations of lead and nickel were found to be significantly
elevated as compared to WHO recommended levels in all the three sources of water (Piped water. Hand pump water
and Tanker water supply). Chromium was found to be raised in hand pump water. Arsenic and Mercury were not
detected in any source of water. Copper, iron, manganese, cadmium and zinc were found to be within the safe limits
in all the three sources of water. pH was found to be within the range of WHO recommended level in all the three
sources of water. TDS was found to be elevated in hand pump water and tanker water. Conclusion: Concentrations
of lead and nickel were found to be significantly elevated as compared to WHO recommended levels in all the three
sources of water in district East of Karachi.

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