PREVALENCE OF EXHUMATION IN DISTRICT HYDERABAD: A LOCAL EXPERIENCE

Authors

  • Shahla Imran Bilawal Medical College LUMHS, Jamshoro-Pakistan
  • Lubna Riaz Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan
  • Farah Waseem Azra Naheed Medical College, Superior University, Lahore-Pakistan
  • Sadia Abdul Qayyum Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College Karachi-Pakistan
  • Sono Mal Sindh Medical College, Jinnah Sindh medical University Karachi-Pakistan
  • Hanozia Shah Bilawal Medical College, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan

Keywords:

Exhumation, Forensic Science, Post-Mortem Changes, Cause of Death, Decomposition, Medicolegal Investigations.

Abstract

Background: Exhumation of bodies for forensic purposes serves as a pivotal tool in medico-legal investigations, yet there is scant data on the practice within the Pakistani context, particularly in the District of Hyderabad. Aim & Objective were to investigate the prevalence and outcomes of exhumations in Hyderabad, contributing to the knowledge base and understanding the cultural and legal factors influencing post-mortem examinations. Methods: A descriptive, observational, and retrospective analysis of 95 medicolegal exhumations carried out over two years, examining demographic data, the interval between death and exhumation, putrefactive changes, and the determination of the cause of death. Results: Of the 95 exhumations, 58 were male and 37 were female, with the majority of the deceased being under 40 years of age. Nearly half of the exhumations occurred within three months post-mortem, and advanced decomposition was a significant obstacle in determining the cause of death, which remained undetermined in 61.05% of cases. Conclusion: The study revealed a need for timely forensic interventions and highlighted the impact of decomposition on determining the cause of death. It underscores the necessity of advanced forensic methods to improve post-mortem examinations' outcomes. advance technics are virtual autopsy but we are using old conventional autopsy

Author Biography

Shahla Imran, Bilawal Medical College LUMHS, Jamshoro-Pakistan

 

References

Saukko P, Knight B, editors. The forensic autopsy. In: Knight’s forensic pathology. 3rd ed. Londin: CRC press; 2015. p. 36–9.

Ammani J, Sudheer S, Roopesh T. Analytical study of exhumations and its medico-legal importance. Int J Contemp Med Res. 2016;3(4):972–5.

Humayun M, Khichi ZH, Chand H, Khan O. Exhumation—A Key To Provide Justice To Victims Of Homicide: Situation In Larkana And Sukkur Divisions. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2010;22(1):168–70.

Mirza FH, Adil SE e R, Memon AA, Paryar HA. Exhumation–Nuisance to the dead, justified? J Forensic Leg Med. 2012;19(6):337–40.

Verhoff MA, Ulm K, Kreutz K, Muller K, Stachetzki U. Exhumation as a matter of fact. Int J Forensic Med Toxi. 2007;8(1):1–10.

Bardale R, Ambade V, Dixit P. Exhumation: a 10-year retrospective study. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2012;34(2):143–5.

Waghmare P, Chikhalkar B, Nanandkar S. Establishing identity and cause of death in mutilated and un identifiable corpses: a challenging task for medico legal expert. J Forensic Biomed. 2015;6(01).

Nadeem S, Parveen H, Awan AF. PREVALENCE OF EXHUMATION IN DISTRICT FAISALABAD. Prof Med J. 2018;25(08):1277–82.

Hussain Z. Exhumations; analysis and forensic importance. TPMJ- Prof Med J. 2002;9(4):347–51.

Awan N, Awan A. Autopsy and exhumation. In: Principles and Practice of Forensic Medicine. Lahore: Zubair Publishers; 2002. p. 118–30.

Seibel O, Junge M, Heinemann A, Schulz F, Puschel K. Frequency and findings of exhumations in Hamburg. Versicherungsmedizin. 1997;59(6):209–15.

Qazi A, Afridi HK, Aziz K. Exhumation; A tool to establish cause of death. Ann King Edw Med Univ. 2006;12(4):490–2.

Menmen U, Memon A. Necropsy after exhumation: limitations and value. Pak J Med Sci. 1995;11(4):313–7.

Grellner W, Glenewinkel F. Exhumations: synopsis of morphological and toxicological findings in relation to the postmortem interval: survey on a 20-year period and review of the literature. Forensic Sci Int. 1997;90(1–2):139–59.

Hussain T, Bhatti AM, Ahmed QI, Karim A, Abid MM, Abid MH. Fate/Outcome of Exhumation in Pakistan. Med Forum. 2019;30(11):15–8.

Breitmeier D, Graefe-Kirci U, Albrecht K, Weber M, Tröger H, Kleemann W. Evaluation of the correlation between time corpses spent in in-ground graves and findings at exhumation. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;154(2–3):218–23.

Rehman HU, Yasmin AH. causes of death on exhumation in Pakistan. Med Forum Mon. 2014;25(7):32–5.

KUMAR K, PIRZADA GS, CHAND H, ABBASI KA, SHAIKH SA, SHAIKH MR. Frequency of Unascertained Cause of Death in Exhumed Bodies: Multicentric Experience in Interior of Sindh. Pak J Med Health Sci. 2011;5(4):613–6.

RANA P, Farrukh R, MALIK S, RASHEED A. Incidence of Fatal Poisoning in the City of Lahore. A Retrospective Study During 1984-1988. Ann King Edw Med Univ. 2000;6(1):112–5.

Published

2024-06-02