PRESENTATION OF MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES IN THE 2005 EARTHQUAKE VICTIMS
AbstractBackground: Earthquakes cause a lot of damage to life and property. Maxillofacial injuries constitute an important proportion of injuries in earthquakes and some 13% of the trauma patients after the earthquakes suffer from maxillofacial injuries. The objective of this study was to assess the presentation of maxillofacial injuries in earthquake victims. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Section Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from October 8th, 2005 to January 8th, 2006. Three hundred and seventy-eight patients were included in this study in the three months following the October 8th, 2005 earthquake on consecutive non-probability sampling basis. Results: Isolated facial bone fractures rather than the multiple bone fractures were the commonest type of fractures in earthquake victims. A significant number of patients presented with only soft tissue injuries and no bony fractures. Conclusion: Although considerable number of patients with fracture of multiple facial bones were present in the earthquake victims but isolated facial bone fractures and soft tissue injuries were the commonest type of injuries.Keywords: Earthquake, multiple facial bone fractures, isolated facial bone fractures
Rathore FA, Farooq F, Muzammil S, New PW, Ahmad N, Haiq AJ. Spinal cord injury management and rehabilitation: Highlights and shortcomings from the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2008;89(3):579–85.
Ibrahim MW, Shah I, Zaeem K, Afzal M, Shahzad M, Hafeez A. Pattern of maxillofacial injuries in the earthquake victims. Pak Armed forces Med J 2006;56(4):357–60.
International Conference on 8th October earthquake in Pakistan: its implication and hazard mitigation 18–19 Jan 2006, Islamabad, [Online]. [Cited 2010 oct 5th] Available from: http://www.gsp.gov.pk/earth_quake_upd update.html.
Wang L, Wei JH, He LS, Cao M, Cao J, Liu YP, et al. Dentists’ role in treating facial injuries sustained in 2008 earthquake in China. J Am Dent Assoc 2009;140(5):543–9.
Mulvey JM, Awan SU, Qadri AA, Maqsood MA. Profile of injuries arising from the 2005 Kashmir earthquake: the first 72 h. Injury 2008;39(5):554–60.
Tang YL, Zhu GQ, Zhou H, Zheng M, Tang XF, Wang XY, et al. Analysis of 46 maxillofacial fracture victims in the 2008 Wenchuan, China earthquake. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2009;108(5):673–8.
Khan S, Khan M. Pattern of maxillofacial injuries in Armed Forces personnel; [Dissertation]; Karachi: Coll of Phys and Surg Pak 2003.
Banks P. Killey’s fractures of the middle third of the facial skeleton. Butterworth & Co Pub Ltd 1987;5:11–6.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad is an OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL which means that all content is FREELY available without charge to all users whether registered with the journal or not. The work published by J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad is licensed and distributed under the creative commons License CC BY ND Attribution-NoDerivs. Material printed in this journal is OPEN to access, and are FREE for use in academic and research work with proper citation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. The Editorial Board of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not reflect the opinion/policy of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad or the Editorial Board.
USERS are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
AUTHORS retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means including twitter, scholarly collaboration networks such as ResearchGate, Academia.eu, and social media sites such as Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Scholar and any other professional or academic networking site.