FREQUENCY OF AND FACTORS LEADING TO OBESITY AND OVERWEIGHT IN SCHOOL CHILDREN
AbstractBackground: Obesity is considered as a global epidemic. Obesity in childhood and adolescent is anissue of concern because it is an important predictor of adult obesity. Identifying individuals whoare physically inactive, overweight or obese in school going age is very important. The objective ofthis study was to determine the frequency and factors leading to obesity in school children.Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on children aged 13–16 years. It was aquestionnaire based survey with measurement of height and weight. Results: Total 431 childrenwere included in the study. Three hundred and nine (71.7%) of the students were in the normalcategory, i.e., less than 85th centile while 122 (28.3%) had weight greater than 85th centile and wereoverweight and obese. Positive association was found between eating out and weight categories,eating breakfast, intake of fresh fruits and vegetables and soft drinks, low physical activity, andincreased screen time. Frequency of overweight and obese children was high in children fromhigher socioeconomic status. Conclusion: There is strong association between strong determinantsof obesity and overweight. Health education of students for known risk factors should be integratedwith curriculum of science from elementary classes.Keywords: Obesity, Children, Determinants of obesity
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