PREVALENCE OF GERIATRIC DISEASES AMONG PARENTS OF MEDICAL DOCTORS IN LAHORE

Authors

  • Muhammad Athar Khan
  • Muhammad Mushtaq
  • Muhammad Zameer Ahmad
  • Hena Amir
  • Tariq Mahmood Bajwa
  • Shaikh Muhammad Laeeque

Abstract

Background: The burden of geriatric diseases has a significant impact upon the socio-cultural, socioeconomic and administration of health services. The study was carried out to identify a burden ofgeriatric conditions, magnitude of disease problems and involvements of body systems in the parents ofmedical doctors from Lahore. Methods: After taking the consent, interview based active diseasesurveillance/information was collected from a total of 137 medical doctors and their parents. They wereinterviewed about the health status of their parents and recorded in a pre-tested questionnaire. Theprevalence of each system involved in each of the category of parents was compared by ANOVA at asignificant alpha level of 0.05. Results: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases was the highest,(18.61%), followed by musculoskeletal (10.21%) and digestive system (9.12%). The ranking of othersystems in descending order was 4.74%, 3.64% and 1.82% for the respiratory system, urogenitalsystem, and ENT respectively due to single system involvement. A cumulative prevalence due to alldiseases in terms of disease load/burden of diseases in both mothers and fathers was 53.28% due tosingle system involvement and 67.51% because of multiple system involvement. Conclusion: Fiftythree percent of the older population, who were above the age of 60, were sick due to the involvementof one body system and sixty eight percent had multiple body systems involvement.Keywords Geriatrics, Morbidity, Prevalence, Ranking order, Burden, Pakistan

References

United Nations world population projections to 2150. Pop Dev

Rev 1998;24:183–9.

Zafar SN, Ganatra HA, Tehseen S, Qidwai W. Health and needs

assessment of geriatric patients: results of a survey at a teaching

hospital in Karachi. J Pak Med Assoc 2006;56:470–4.

World Health Organization: Ageing –Exploding the Myths.

Geneva. Ageing and Health Programme (AHE); 1999.

Population Reference Bureau. The 2006 World Health Data

Sheet, Washington. Available at: www.prb.org/Publications/

Datasheets/2006/2006worldpopoualtiondatasheet.aspx

Baig LA, Hassan Z, Ilyas M. Are the elderly in Pakistan getting

their due share in health services? Results from a survey done in

the peri-urban communities of Karachi. J Pak Med Assco

;50(6):192–6.

Itrat A, Taqui AM, Qazi F, Qidwai W. Family system:

Perceptions of elderly patients and their attendants presenting at a

University hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc

;57(2):106–9.

Joshi K, Kumar R, Avasthi A. Morbidity profile and its

relationship with disability and psychosocial distress among

elderly people in Northern India. Int J Epidemiol 2003;32:978–87.

Howell, Trevor H. Avicena and his regimen of old age. Age and

Aging 1987;16:58–9.

Harper CM, Lyles YM. Physiology and Complications of bed

rest. J Am Geriatr Soc 1988;36:1047–54.

Ilyas M, Manzoor S. Health of the elderly. In: Ilyas M. (Ed)

Community Medicine and Public Health, 6th ed, Karachi: Time

Publishers; 2003.p. 785–92.

Drug reactions. The Express Newspaper 2012, January 25. p. A9.

National Health Interview Survey. Available at: www.cdc.gov/

nchs/nhis.htm. [Retrieved on December 25th, 2011]

Borglin G, Jakobsson U, Edberg AK, Hallberg IR. Self-reported

health complaints and their prediction of overall and healthrelated quality of life among elderly people. Int J Nurs Stud

;42(2):147–58.

Sharma AL ‘Geriatrics’ a challenge for the twenty first century.

Indian J Public Health 2003;47(3):16–20.

Saks K, Kolk H, Allev R, Soots A, Kõiv K, Paju I, et al. Health

status of the older population in Estonia. Croat Med J

;42(6):663–8.

Moharna PR, Sahani NC, Sahu T. Health status of geriatric

population attending the preventive geriatric clinic of a tertiary

health facility. J Community Med 2008;4(2):41–5.

Bhatia SPS, Swami HM, Thakur JS, Bhatia V. A study on health

problems and loneliness among the elderly in Chandigarh. Indian

J Community Med 2007;32:255–8.

Shankar R, Tondon J, Gambhir IS, Tripathi CB. Health status of

elderly population in rural area of Varanasi district. Indian J

Public Health 2007;51(1):56–8.

Haque J, Alam R. Health problems of the geriatric people, A

community based study in the in a rural area in Bangladesh. J

Teach Assoc 2003;16(1):15–9.

Sharma MK, Swami HM, Gulati R. Life style and morbidity

profile of geriatric population in Urban Area of Chandigarh. J

Indian Acad Geriatrics 2005;3:122–5.

Guccione AA, Felson DT, Anderson JJ, Anthony JM, Zhang

Y, Wilson PW, et al. The effects of specific medical conditions

on the functional limitations of elders in the Framingham study.

Am J Public Health 1994;84:351–8.

Chandwani H, Jivarajani P, Jivarajani H. Health and social

problems of geriatric population in an urban setting of Gujrat,

India. Int J Health 2009;9(2): DOI: 10.5580/d8f

Parkash R, Choudhary SK, Singh US. A Study of morbidity

pattern among geriatric population in an urban area of Udaipur

Rajasthan. Indian J Community Med 2004;29(1):1–3.

Downloads

Published

2012-06-01

Most read articles by the same author(s)