PREVALENCE OF OBESITY IN SCHOOL CHILDREN OF HAZARA DIVISION
AbstractBackground: Limited data is available in Pakistan regarding prevalence of obesity in schoolgoing children. The objective of this study was to find out obesity prevalence in school goingchildren in Hazara division. Methods: It was descriptive study. Data of 3200 students wascollected over six month period, from Hazara Division. Four schools were selected in each districttwo for boys and two for females. District Kohistan was excluded from study as female educationis not permitted beyond primary education. Children 5–14 year age group were included in thestudy. Initial 20 students of each class were selected for study. Anthropometric data (weight,height) for each student was collected and entered on Performa structured for this purpose. BMIwas calculated and values were compared with standard BMI charts of National Health Centre forhealth statistics. Results: Prevalence of obesity was 4.78%. Out of 3,200 children enrolled 153(4.78%) were obese. Male to female ratio was 1:1.2. The prevalence of obesity was high in privateschool students than government schools (66.66% and 33%). The prevalence was high in bothsexes in 12–14 years and 6–7 years age groups (49% and 20.26%). Conclusion: Prevalence ofobesity in present study is similar to the results from developing countries in the region butprevalence is lower than developed countries. Problem of obesity also exists in developingcountries and there is need to create awareness about obesity and related complications.Keywords: Obesity, BMI, Nutrition, Hazara, Children
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