KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF UNDERGRADUATE DENTAL STUDENTS TOWARDS RESEARCH
AbstractBackground: Scientific research is an important part of healthcare curricula and a vital exercise to help develop clinician’s research skills. The aim of this study was to evaluate quantitatively the knowledge and attitude of undergraduate dental students towards scientific research. In addition, the study explored the reasons for lack of interest in research by the dental students. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among students of three dental schools in Riyadh. The required information was collected through a self-designed, pretested and validated questionnaire used for investigating the students’ knowledge, attitudes and reasons for lack of interest if any in research. Descriptive, chi-square and t-tests were used for statistical analysis of the responses considering a p-value of <0.05 as the cut-off level for significance. Results: Out of 701 completed questionnaires (Response Rate=77.88%), 360 (51.4%) and 341 (48.6%) were for males and female students respectively. Subjects, stratified according to year of study, included students of first year=144 (20.5%); second year=151 (21.5%); third year=132 (18.8%); fourth year=145 (20.7%) and fifth year=129 (18.4%). The mean and standard of the knowledge score was 3.36+1.76 and attitude score was 3.87±2. Students’ knowledge and attitude scores tended to increase as the study year went higher. Conclusion: A moderate level of knowledge about research was found among dental students. However, attitude of the dental students towards research was positive. Improvements were seen in the knowledge and attitude of students over the study years. Curriculum overload, exposure, literature search, knowledge and finding a topic or mentor in the school seemed to be the barriers in pursuing research.Keywords: Dental Student; Research; Attitude; Barrier; Research Knowledge
Khan H, Khawaja MR, Waheed A, Rauf MA, Fatmi Z. Knowledge and attitudes about health research amongst a group of Pakistani medical students. BMC Med Educ 2006;2(6):54.
Vodopivec I, Vujaklija A, Hrabak M, Lukiæ IK, Marušiæ A, Marušiæ M. Knowledge about and attitudes towards science of first year medical students. Croat Med J 2002;43(1):58–62.
Amin TT, Kaliyadan F, Al Qattan EA, Majed MH, Khanjaf HS, Mirza M. Knowledge, attitudes and barriers related to participation of medical students in research in three Arab Universities. Educ Med J 2012;4(1):47–55.
Memarpour M, Fard AP, Ghasemi R. Evaluation of attitude to, knowledge of and barriers toward research among medical science students. Asia Pac Fam Med 2015;4(1):1–7.
Zehra N, Hassaan A, Mushtaq S. Research amongst junior and senior medical students; comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice. Prof Med J 2015;22(1):121–6.
Vujaklija A, Hren D, Sambunjak D, Vodopivec I, Ivanis A, Marusić A, et al. Can teaching research methodology influence students’ attitude toward science? Cohort study and nonrandomized trial in a single medical school. J Investig Med 2010;58(2):282–6.
Sridevi KV. Attitude of M. Ed. Students towards Research. E-J AIAER 2008;20.
Ismail IM, Bazli MY, O’Flynn S. Study on medical student’s attitude towards research activities between University College Cork and Universiti Sains Malaysia. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci 2014;116:2645–9.
Scaria V. Whisking Research into Medical Curriculum. Calicut Med J 2004;2(1):1–4.
Reinders JJ, Kropmans TJ, Cohen-Schotanus J. Extracurricular research experience of medical students and their scientific output after graduation. Med Educ 2005;39(2):237.
Deolia SG, Prasad K, Chhabra KG, Kalyanpur R, Kalghatgi S. An Insight into Research Ethics among Dental Professionals in A Dental Institute, India- A Pilot Study. J Clin Diagn Res 2014;8(9):ZC11–4.
Al-Halabi B, Marwan Y, Hasan M, Alkhadhari S. Extracurricular research activities among senior medical students in Kuwait: experiences, attitudes, and barriers. Adv Med Educ Pract 2014;5:95–101.
AlGhamdi KM, Moussa NA, AlEssa DS, AlOthimeen N, Al-Saud AS. Perceptions, attitudes and practices toward research among senior medical students. Saudi Pharm J 2014;22(2):113–7.
Deniz KZ, Citak GG. The investigation of factors affecting university students’ attitudes towards participation in scientific research. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci 2010;2(2):5183–9.
Segal S, Lloyd T, Houts PS, Stillman PL, Jungas RL, Greer RB 3rd. The association between students' research involvement in medical school and their postgraduate medical activities. Acad Med 1990;65(8):530–3.
Oliveira CC, de Souza RC, Abe EH, Silva Móz LE, de Carvalho LR, Domingues MA. Undergraduate research in medical education: a descriptive study of students’ views. BMC Med Educ 2014;14:51.
Wayne PM, Hammerschlag R, Savetsky-German J, Chapman TF. Attitudes and Interests Toward Research Among Students at Two Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. Explore J Sci Heal 2010;6(1):22–8.
Pruskil S, Burgwinkel P, Georg W, Keil T, Kiessling C. Medical students' attitudes towards science and involvement in research activities: a comparative study with students from a reformed and a traditional curriculum. Med Teach 2009;31(6):e254–9.
Khan H, Khan S, Iqbal A. Knowledge, attitudes and practices around health research: the perspective of physicians-in-training in Pakistan. BMC Med Educ 2009;17(9):46.
Warner B, Londry R, Baloue K, Lee J. The need for research in the predoctoral dental education. J Am Coll Dent 2010;77(3):23–5.
Al-Hilali SM, Al-Kahtani E, Zaman B, Khandekar R, Al-Shahri A, Edward DP. Attitudes of Saudi Arabian Undergraduate Medical Students towards Health Research. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2016;16(1):68–73.
Kharraz R, Hamadah R, AlFawaz D, Attasi J, Obeidat AS, Alkattan W, et al. Perceived barriers towards participation in undergraduate research activities among medical students at Alfaisal University-College of Medicine: A Saudi Arabian perspective. Med Teach 2016;38(Suppl 1):S12–8.
Siemens DR, Punnen S, Wong J, Kanji N. A survey on the attitudes towards research in medical school. BMC Med Educ 2010;10:4