• Muhammad Idris Ayub Medical College
  • Jamila Farid AMC
  • Nasreen Gul AMC
  • Fiaz Ahmed AMC
  • Romana Irshad AMC


 Visceral Leishmaniasis (also known as Kala Azar) is a parasitic infection caused by Leishmania Donovani in the East and Leishmania Infantum in the west. It is prevalent in many countries including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Africa and part of America. The disease follows chronic course and is usually lethal if left untreated. It has also been reported from different parts of Pakistan, including Northern areas, Districts Mansehra & Abbottabad and Hilly areas of Khyber Pukhtoonkhawah. Most the cases have been reported in paediatric population. Except one case, reported previously from Abbottabad. The present two cases were also seen in adultsKeywords: Visceral Leishmaniasis; Sandfly; Kala Azar

Author Biography

Muhammad Idris, Ayub Medical College



Lukeš J, Mauricio IL, Schönian G, Dujardin JC, Soteriadou K, Dedet JP, et al. Evolutionary and geographical history of the Leishmania donovani complex with a revision of current taxonomy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;104(22):9375–93.

Boelaert M, Meheus F, Sanchez A, Singh SP, Vanlerberghe V, Picado A, et al. The poorest of the poor: a poverty appraisal of households affected by visceralleishmaniasis in Bihar, India. Trop Med Int Health 2009;(14):639–44.

Chappuis F, Sundar S, Hailu A, Ghalib H, Rijal S, Peeling RW, et al. Visceral leishmaniasis: what are the needs for diagnosis, treatment and control? Nat Rev Microbiol 2007;(5):873–82.

Bhatnagar S, Gupta AK, Murti K, Pandey K. Co-infection of visceral leishmaniasis and pulmonary tuberculosis: a case study. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2014;4(1):57–60.

Adam AOA, Dafalla MMM, Mohammed HAA, Elamin MY, Younis BM, Elfaki MEE, et al. Visceral leishmaniasis-hepatitis B/C coinfections: a rising necessity to triage patients for treatment. Ann Saudi Med 2014;34(2):143–6.

Da Silva AA, Barros da Silva DM, Chaves RV, Cintra Sesso R, Pacheco-Silva A, Oliveira CMC, et al. Visceral Leishmaniasis in Renal Transplant Recipients: Study of 30 Cases. J Nephrol Ther 2014;4(5):1000182.

Mannan MU, Yousaf M, Idrees M, Ghufran SB. Focus of Visceral Leishmaniasis in District Abbottabad. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2000;12(2):17–8.

Altaf C, Ahmed P, Ashraf T, Anwar M, Ahmed I. Childhood visceral Leishmaniasis in Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir: Frequency and response to treatment in 61 cases. J Pak Med Assoc 2005;55(11):475–7.

Idris M, Farid J, Gul N, Anis-ur-Rehman. Visceral leishmaniasis: adult population of Abbottabad at risk now. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2010;22(2):214–5.

Naveed SS, Raza N, Bux H, Firdous M, Rafi B. A Clinico-haematological study of visceral leishmaniasis from northern Pakistan. Med Channel 2011;17(3):54–6.



Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 4 > >>