• Muhammad Ramzan
  • Irshad Ali
  • Faiqah Ramzan
  • Faiza Ramzan
  • Muhammad Haris Ramzan


Background: Childhood obesity has increased considerably in many regions of the world includingPakistan. The recent phenomenon of ‘nutritional transition’ with a westernisation of food so prevalentin developing countries, has caused a significant rise in obesity among population that were unaware ofthis problem in the recent past. The aim of this study was to find out the frequency of metabolicsyndrome and cardiovascular risk factors in obese school children (6–11 years) in Dera Ismail Khan.Methods: Eighty-six children were included in this study with 61 (70.94%) obese and 25 (29.06%)normal weight children. Obese children comprised of 34 (39.53%) boys and 27 (31.40%) girls. Normalweight children included 15 (17.44%) boys and 10 (11.63%) girls. They were selected among 1,336children from 8 primary schools of Dera Ismail Khan city. Anthropometric parameters of each subjectwere recorded, BMI determined and body mass status calculated. Children were categorized by thepresence or absence of Obesity. Blood Pressure was also measured. Non-fasting venous blood sampleswere taken, analysed for lipids; Triglycerides (TG), Cholesterol (TC); Lipoproteins: High and LowDensity Lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C, LDL-C) and Plasma Glucose Concentration (PGC).Metabolic syndrome was identified in the presence of ≥3 of the followings with cut-off values: TG>170mg/dl, HDL-C<35 mg/dl, WC>71 cm, BP >120/80 mm Hg, PGC>200 mg/dl. Results: Metabolicsyndrome was identified in 22.95% of the obese children. It was 19.67% and 3.27% in obese boys andgirls respectively. Metabolic syndrome was not found in normal weight children. Clustering ofcardiovascular factors was abundantly present in obese and rare in normal weight children.Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Obese School Children, Lipid Profile


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