FREQUENCY OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY IN PATIENTS AFTER TEN YEARS OF DIAGNOSIS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
AbstractBackground: Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common and serious complications of type 2diabetes mellitus and a leading cause of blindness not only in Pakistan but also worldwide. So weconducted this study to record the frequency of diabetic retinopathy in known diabetic patients ten yearsafter diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The study was conducted at Liaquat University ofMedical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan for a period of 1 year from January 2008 to January2010. The study group comprised of 200 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the medicalclinic. All patients who were diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus since ten years duration wereincluded in the study. Retinopathy was graded into background, pre proliferative and proliferativeretinopathy. Type 2 diabetes was diagnosed using the WHO criteria. Statistical analysis was carried outusing the SPSS-11. Results: Diabetic retinopathy was found in 25.5% of the total Type 2 patients afterten years of diagnosis, and of these 4% of patients had proliferative retinopathy. Conclusion: Type 2diabetic patients should be screened as early as possible to prevent permanent visual loss by timelymanagement of diabetic retinopathy because diabetes is one of most common preventable cause ofblindness in the world.Keywords: Retinopathy, Type 2 Diabetes
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