• Shazia Ali
  • Nasim Ashraf
  • Anjum Ara Siddique
  • Samina Jalali
  • Sajjad Shami


Background: Different sperm retrieval procedures can help retrieve sperms that can be used forIntracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) in azoospermic men. The objective was to compare theIntracytoplasmic sperm injection outcome, through different sperm retrieval procedures in azoospermicmen. Methods: A Retrospective Study was carried out at Islamabad Clinic Serving Infertile Couplesfrom September 1999 to March 2005. The study includes 105 female subjects and 105 maleazoospermic subjects. In 105 male subjects 50 subjects had Non-Obstructive Azoospermia (NOA) and55 subjects had Obstructive azoospermia (OA). These subjects underwent surgical sperm retrievalprocedures like Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) or Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy.Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was performed from both and outcome was compared. All thevalues were expressed as Mean±SE. Limit of significance was set at (p<0.05). Mean values werecompared using unpaired Students t-test. Results: Subjects who underwent ICSI procedure with motilesperms retrieved through Biopsy had significantly (p<0.05) raised cleavage rate and live birth rate.Conclusion: No matter what ever the procedure of sperm retrieval used, the sperm motility has greatsignificance. Significantly raised live birth rate was detected in subjects where sperms retrieved throughbiopsy were used for ICSI procedure.Keywords: Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Percutaneous epididymal sperm aspirate (PESA),testicular biopsy, azoospermia, infertility


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