PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG OBESE AND NON-OBESE PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
AbstractBackground: Globally, obesity is now recognised as an epidemic. The degree of obesity isproportional to the rate of development of cardiovascular diseases, hence, resulting in a dramaticincrease in morbidity and mortality. Apart from obesity, hypertension is another well recognised riskfactor contributing to coronary artery disease (CAD). The precise prevalence of obesity-relatedhypertension varies with age, race and gender; and is yet unknown in our population. The objective ofthis study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension in obese and non-obese patients withdiagnosed CAD. Methods: This hospital based descriptive study was conducted in CardiologyDepartment of Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from 15th March 2007to 30th May 2008. A total of 200 patients with diagnosed CAD were enrolled, 100 were found obeseand 100 non-obese. Results: Among these, a total of 111 (55.5%) were found to be hypertensive, 66(59.46%) of these were obese and 45 (40.54%) non-obese (p=0.003). Conclusion: Obese patients withCAD had significantly more frequent hypertension.Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, CAD, Body Mass Index, BMI, Obesity, Hypertension
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