OBESITY, HYPERLIPIDEMIA, AND HYPERURAECEMIA IN YOUNG AND OLD HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS

Authors

  • Nazir Ahmed
  • Waqas Anwar
  • Huma Waqas

Abstract

Background: There is strong correlation among hypertension, obesity, hyperlipidemia andhyperuricemia which are important risk factor for the cardiovascular disease. Objective of this studywas to assess and compare the prevalence of obesity, hyperlipidemia and hyperuricemia amongyoung and old hypertensive patients in the local setting. Methods: This cross-sectional study wasconducted at medical Out-patient Department at Shahina Jamil Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, fromSeptember 2007 to February 2008. Eighty-six patients seen in the medical outpatient departmentwere enrolled in the study. Patients with age 15 years or above and diagnosed as case of systemichypertension were included. Patients with endocrine disease, pregnancy, coarctation of aorta, andrenal disease leading to hypertension were excluded from the study. Results: Total eighty-sixpatients with mean age of 53.7±12.9 years were included in the study. Patients were divided intoyounger age group (age <46 years) and older age group (age ≥46 years). Mean Body Mass Index(BMI) was 29.7±5.2 in the younger age group and 26.9±4.7 in the older age group, mean serumcholesterol level was 192.2±14.2 mg/dL in younger age group and 190.9±18.3 mg/dL in the olderage group, mean serum triglyceride level was 170.5±13.7 mg/dL in younger age group and166.6±21.4 mg/dL in the older age group and mean serum uric acid levels were 5.6±0.7 mg/dL inyounger age group and 5.7±1.2 mg/dL in the older age group. Overweight and obese patients were70.9% with its higher prevalence in younger (86.2%) as compared to older patients (63.2%).Hypercholesterolemia was found in 27.9% of the patients, with a frequency of 24.1% in youngerpatients and 29.8% in the older patients. Hypertriglyceridemia was seen in 66.3% of the patients,with a frequency of 69.0% in younger patients and 64.9% in the older patients. Hyperuricemia waspresent in 37.2% of the hypertensive patients with a frequency of 34.5% in the younger patients and38.6% in the older patients. Conclusion: Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, andhyperuricemia are not associated with the age of the hypertensive patients. Increased BMI is morefrequent in the young as compared to the old hypertensive patients.Keywords: hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia

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Published

2009-12-01