• Arshad Mehmood
  • M Sarwar Alvi
  • Shahid Rana
  • Sohail Raziq
  • Lubna Siddiq
  • M Yousaf Shah


Background: Vesico-vaginal Fistula (VVF) is an abnormal communication between bladder andvagina that causes continuous discharge of urine in to vaginal vault. The objective of this study is todescribe current trends of aetiology and repair of Vesico-vaginal Fistulae. This is a DescriptiveStudy, conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Urology, Rawalpindi and Combined MilitaryHospital, Kharian between May 2001 and May 2007. Methods: All patients diagnosed as cases ofvesico-vaginal fistulae were included in the study. Their demographic profile and repair success wasdetermined. Results: A total of 86 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patientswas 35.5 years (range 25–46). Total abdominal hysterectomy was the most common cause (53% ofthe cases) followed by obstetric causes (43.92% of the cases). Success rate of the surgery in the studywas 97.5%. Conclusion: The common causes of vesico-vaginal fistula in this study were totalabdominal hysterectomy and obstetric causes. The success rate was high, yet the attempt should bemade to prevent this socially distressing condition.Keywords: VVF, Fistula, Vesico-vaginal Repair.


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