• SF Hasnain
  • SK Hashmi


Background: Malnutrition is a common problem, especially in developing countries. Of the 11 millionchildren under 5 who die each year in the developing countries mainly from preventable causes, thedeath of about 54% are either directly or indirectly attributable to malnutrition. The objectives of thisstudy were to assess the prevalence and associated factors for underweight in rural Sindh. Methods: Across-sectional survey was conducted in Jhangara Town, located in District Dadu, Sindh. Eight hundredchildren under 5 years of age were enrolled. A questionnaire was used to elicit required information andanthropometric measurements were made. Results: The overall prevalence for underweight was 54.3%in the study population, which was higher than the prevalence reported by PDHS 1990–91. Inmultivariate analysis, various factors for underweight were consanguinity (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.08–2.07), low birth weight (parents’ perspective) (OR=1.6, 95% CI=1.08–2.16) and lack of breast-feeding(OR=2.7, 95% CI=1.19–6.17). Conclusion: Effective strategies to discourage consanguineousmarriages between first cousins are required. Promoting breast feeding is another factor that should beincorporated while designing control strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality due to malnutrition inchildren (<5 years).Keywords: Underweight, Consanguinity, Children, under 5 years


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