PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN A VILLAGE IN SINDH

Authors

  • Faraz Khan Luni
  • Briha Ansari
  • Ahmed Jawad
  • Amber Dawson
  • Shahid Masud Baig

Abstract

Objective: To study the prevalence of Anxiety and Depression and its association in a rural area ofSindh, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Ansari Para, in Tehsil Hala,Sindh province in Pakistan, using the Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale UrduVersion. Results: Out of a total of 260 people interviewed, 112 people (43.1%) were screened tohave anxiety and depression. Depression and anxiety were strongly associated with female gender,family dynamics, child environment, unsuccessful love affairs and among those with medicalchronic disorders. A gradual decreasing incidence of depression and anxiety was noted withincreasing level of education. A significantly strong association was noted between child mortalityand maternal depression while no such association was found in males. There is a significantdifference in the age of depressed and normal individuals. There was significant correlation betweenunhappy childhood and unsatisfying family relationships. However, no relationships were foundbetween depression & anxiety and martial status, presence or number of children, absence of maleoffspring, living in joint family system, financial problems and any deficiencies that the respondentsfelt that he might have. Conclusion: This study suggests that anxiety and depression is a commonpsychiatric disorder even in remote village areas and contradicts the common belief that people thosewho live in the remote rural areas lead stress-free lives or have low rates of psychiatric morbidity.Keywords: Prevalence, Depression, Anxiety, Rural, Sindh

References

World Health Organization. [Homepage of the World Health

Organization]: Mental health [online] [Cited 2007 July 16]

Available from: URL:http://www.who.int/mental_health/

management/depression/definition/en/

The World Health Report: 2001: Mental health: New

Understanding, New Hope. World Health Organization 2001

[Online] [cited 2001] Available from URL:

http://www.who.int/whr/2001/en/whr01_en.pdf

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2009;21(2)

http://www.ayubmed.edu.pk/JAMC/PAST/21-2/Faraz.pdf

Muhammad Gadit AA, Mugford G. Prevalence of Depression

among Households in Three Capital Cities of Pakistan: Need to

Revise the Mental Health Policy. PLoS ONE 2007;14;2:e209

Mirza I, Jenkins R. Risk factors, prevalence, and treatment of

anxiety and depressive disorders in Pakistan: systemic review

BMJ 2004;328:794.

Ali BS, Amanullah S. Prevalence of anxiety and depression in an

urban squatter settlement of Karachi. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak

;10:4–6.

Ali BS, Rahbar MH, Naeem S, Tareen AL, Gul A, Samad L.

Prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety and depression

among women in a lower middle class semi-urban community of

Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2002;52:513–7.

Mumford DB, Saeed K, Ahmad I, Latif S, Mubbashar MH.

Stress and psychiatric disorder in rural Punjab. A community

survey. Br J Psychiatry 1997;170:473–8.

Mumford DB, Nazir M, Jilani FU, Baig IY. Stress and

psychiatric disorder in the Hindu Kush: a community survey of

mountain villages in Chitral, Pakistan. Br J Psychiatry

;168:299–307.

Dodani S, Zuberi R. Center-based prevalence of anxiety and

depression in women of the northern areas of Pakistan. J Pak

Med Assoc 2000;50:138–40.

Husain N, Chaudhry IB, Afridi MA, Tomenson B, Creed F. Life

stress and depression in a tribal area of Pakistan. Br J Psychiatry

;190:36–41.

Gadit AA. Economic burden of Depression in in Pakistan. J Pak

Med Assoc 2004;54:43–4.

Ali B, Reza H, Khan M, Jehan I. Development of an indigenous

screening instrument in Pakistan: the Aga Khan University

Anxiety and Depression Scale. J Pak Med Assoc 1998;48:261–5.

Inam SN, Saqib A, Alam E. Prevalence of anxiety and depression

among medical students of private university. J Pak Med Assoc

;53:44–7.

Quijada ER, Montoya CM, Laserna PA, Toledo AP, Marco EM,

Rabadan FE. Depression prevalence in adolescents. Actas Esp

Psiquiatr 2005;33:298–302.

Nisar N, Billoo N, Gadit AA. Prevalence of depression and the

associated risks factors among adult women in a fishing

community. J Pak Med Assoc 2004;54:519–25.

Google Maps. [online] [Website franchise of the Google

Inc.][Cited 1st Jan 2008] Available from URL:

http://www.maps.google.com

Downloads

Published

2009-06-01