COMPARISON OF GENDER PERFORMANCE ON AN INTELLIGENCE TEST AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS
AbstractBackground: Since the Government of Pakistan abolished the gender based system of admission tomedical colleges, all colleges have seen a huge influx of female medical students, reaching up to 70–80% of all students in some colleges. This trend is still persisting about 15 years after the decision.The objectives of the current study were to assess if there is any significant difference between maleand female medical students in scores on a structured, standard, robust test of intellectual ability.Exact venue of the research is withheld for confidentiality. The study was carried out in 2003–2005.Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study with sample size of 150 students, 75 male and 75female students. Participants signed a consent form, were assessed on Raven’s Standard ProgressiveMatrices (SPM), and data was analysed using SPSS-12. Results: On the SPM test, the male studentsas a group, scored higher than the female students as a group, the difference was small butstatistically significant (p=0.015). Conclusion: Performance on the SPM inclines in favour of themale gender group. More research needs to be carried out into the other possible factors that couldexplain the gender disparity in medical colleges in Pakistan.Keywords: Gender, intelligence, performance, IQ Scoring
Nunnally JC, Bernstien IH. Psychometric Theory. 3rd ed.
New York: McGraw-Hill; 1994.
Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Comprehensive Text Book of
Psychiatry. 7th ed. New York: Lippincott Williams &
Anastasi A. Psychological testing. 6th ed. New York:
Buros OK. The ninth mental measurement yearbooks. New
Jersey: Gryphon Press; 1985.
Kahn HF. Application of latent trait theory to Raven's
standard progressive matrices. Dissertation Abstracts
Hall FR, Mikesell C, Cranston P, Julian E, Elam C.
Longitudinal trends in the applicant pool for U.S. medical
schools, 1974-1999. Acad Med 2001;76:829–34.
Hinkley RE. Changes in profiles of students admitted to
Florida allopathic medical schools 1990–1996. J Fla Med
Colborn RP, Kent AP, Leon B. The changing medical student
population at the University of Cape Town. S Afr Med J
Cooper RA. Impact of trends in primary, secondary, and
postsecondary education on applications to medical school. I:
gender considerations. Acad Med 2003;78:855–63.
Haier RJ, Jung RE, Yeo RA, Head K, Alkire MT. The
neuroanatomy of general intelligence: sex matters.
Haier RJ, Jung RE, Yeo RA, Head K, Alkire MT. Structural
brain variation and general intelligence. NeuroImage
Luders E, Narr KL, Thompson PM, Rex DE, Jancke L,
Steinmetz H, et al. Gender differences in cortical complexity.
Nat Neurosci 2004;7:799–800.
Benbow CP, Lubinski D, Shea DL, Eftekhari-Sanjani H. Sex
differences in mathematical reasoning ability: Their status 20
years later. Psychological Science 2000;11:474–80.
Fingelkurts AA. Exploring Giftedness. Advances in
Psychology Research, Vol 9. Nova Science Publishers;
Leahey E. Gender differences in mathematical trajectories.
Social Forces 2001;80:713–32.
Morley KI, Montgomery GW. The genetics of cognitive
processes: candidate genes in humans and animals. Behav
Toga AW, Thompson PM. Genetics of brain structure and
intelligence. Annu Rev Neurosci 2005;28:1–23.