• Anjum Humayun
  • Arbab Sher Shah
  • Shamim Alam
  • Hamid Hussein


Background: BMI is linearly related to the total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerideconcentrations and is, however, inversely related with HDL cholesterol, Dyslipidaemia has beenrecognized to be strongly associated with overweight and obesity and its comorbid conditions.Overweight and obesity is conveniently determined from body mass index (BMI). Present study wasconducted in Khyber Medical College, Peshawar to investigate the importance of age in relation toBMI with dyslipidaemia. Methods: The study was conducted in Khyber Medical College Peshawarduring a span of period covering from 2008 to 2009. A total of 500 volunteer male and female subjectswere included, which were grouped according to age. Lipid profile was obtained against BMI of thesubjects, categorized as normal, overweight and obese in different age groups. Results: The prevalenceof dyslipidaemia was both age and gender dependent. Dyslipidaemia show an increasing trend with agein both male and female subjects. In females, dyslipidaemia shows a gradual increase with age for allBMI categories. However, in males, the trend is different. It has been observed that the percentage offemales having dyslipidaemia was less as compared to males in the age between 20 and 59 years. Onthe other hand, dyslipidaemia shows a dramatic increase in females above the age of 59 years.Conclusion: There is increase in dyslipidaemia trend in our subjects with increase in BMI and age.Keywords: BMI, Dyslipidaemia, HDL-C, LDL-C


Clinical Guidelines on the Identification Evaluation and

Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. NIH Publication

No:98–4083.1998. Available at:


Tanner. The Scientific Definition of Obesity and its Danger.

Mercola Author: Total Health Program 2005. Available at:

Ezzati M, Martin H, Skjold S, Vander Hoorn S, Murray CJ.

Trends in National and State-Level Obesity in the USA after

correction for self-report bias Analysis of Health Surveys. J R

Soc Med 2006;99:250–7.

Jafar TH Chaturvedi N and Papps G. Prevalence of Overweight

and Obesity and their Association with Hypertension and

Diabetes Mellitus in an Indo-Asian Population” CMAJ


International Obesity Task Force Press Statement (embargo

Monday August 25, 2003). Avaiable at:


Deitel M. Overweight and Obesity Worldwide now Estimated to

Involve 1.7 Billion People. Obes Surg 2003;13:329–30.

Brown CD, Higgins M, Donato KA, Rohde FC, Garrison

R, Obarzanek E, et al Body Mass Index and the Prevalence of

Hypertension and Dyslipidemia Obes Res 2000;8(9):605–19.

Low S, Chin MC, Ma S, Heng D, Deurenberg-Yap M., Rationale

for Redefining Obesity in Asian. Ann Acad Med Singapore


Kannel WB. Risk stratification of dylipidemia: Insight from the

framingham Study. Curr Med Chem Cardivasc Hematol Agents


Narayan KM, Boyle JP, Thompson TJ, Gregg EW, Williamson

DF.. Effect of BMI on lifetime risk for diabetes in the U.S.

Diabetes Care 2007;30:1562–6.

James RW; Brulhart-Meynet MC; Lehmann T; Golay A.

Lipoprotein distribution and composition in obesity: their

association with central adiposity. Int J Obes Relat Metabol

Disord 1997;21:1115–20.

Must A, Spadano J, Coakley EH, Field AE, Colditz G, Dietz

WH. The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity.

JAMA 1999;282:1523–9.

Malnick SDH, Knobler H, The Medical Complications of

Obesity. Q J Med 2006;99:565–79. Health Hazards of Obesity.

Willett WC; Manson JE; Stamper; Colditz G Weight, Weight

Change and Coronary Heart Disease in Women. Risk within the

Normal Weight Range. JAMA 1995:273:461–5.