• Farhana Yousuf
  • Gulfareen Haider
  • Nasirudin Muhamma
  • Ambreen Haider


Background: The human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) pandemic continues it deadly assault in different parts of the world. Over 20 millionpeople have died since the first case of AIDS was identified in 1981. Despite increased spending onHIV/AIDS programmes and improved responses by many governments, current global efforts remainentirely inadequate for an epidemic that is continuing to spiral out of control. The objective of this studywas to determine the level of awareness about HIV and AIDS among women attending the obstetricsand gynaecology clinic. Methods: This Descriptive study was conducted in the Obstetric &Gynaecology clinic at LUMHS, Hyderabad Pakistan from 5th July 2007 to 3rd Dec 2007. A total of 178women attending obstetric and gynaecology clinic of age 20–55 years were selected randomly.Information was collected by pre-designed questionnaire to assess the level of awareness aboutHIV/AIDS. Results: About 83.7% women had heard about HIV/AIDS and only 44.3% correctly statedthe difference in HIV/AIDS. Only 41.5% of respondents knew how would infected person present, and55.6% respondents knew that it is transmitted through close sexual relationship, while less than 50%correctly answered about mode of transmission through coughing, sneezing, hand shaking, kissing andear/nose piercing. Among the respondents, 52.2% correctly answered that screening of blood beforetransmission can prevent HIV and only 38.2% respondents knew that HIV is preventable disease.Conclusion: Women demonstrated lack of knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS and there are considerablemisconceptions and myths in certain aspects which need to be clarified through educating women.Keywords: AIDS, HIV infection, women, prevention


UNAIDS/WHO AIDS epidemic update. December 2005.

Geneva: UNAIDS/WHO, 2006. Available from:

The World Bank. Preventing HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: June

Geneva: The Bank, 2006.

Pakistan. UNAIDS. The Joint United Nations Programme on

HIV/AIDS. URL: http://www.unaid_Countries/Pakistan.asp

Updated June 19, 2006, Accessed July 6, 2006.

Farid R, Choudhry AJ. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS infection

among female college students. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak


Shaikh MA, Assad S. Adolescent knowledge about AIDS

perspective from Islamabad. J Pak Med Assoc 2001;51:194–5.

Preventing HIV/AIDS in Pakistan. Washington DC: World

Bank 2005. URL:

Pakistan epidemiological fact sheets of HIV/AIDS and

sexually transmitted infections. Geneva. UNAIDS, 2005.

Available from

Shah SA, Kristensen S, Khan O. HIV/AIDS in Pakistan. Trop

Doct 2001;31:59.

Ali G, Khanani R, Shaikh MA, Memon AR, Naqvi HN.

Knowledge and attitude of medical students to people with

HIV and AIDS. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 1996;6:58–61.

Haider G, Zohra N, Nisar N, Munir AA. Knowledge about

AIDS/HIV infection among women attending obstetrics and

gynecology clinic at a university hospital. J Pak Med Assoc


Agrawal HK, Rao RS, Chandrashekar S, Coulter JB.

Knowledge of and attitude to HIV/AIDS of senior secondary

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2009;21(1)

school pupils and trainee teachers in Udupi District, Karnataka,

India. Ann Trop Pediatr 1999;19:143–9.

Diclemente RJ, Lanier MM, Horan PF, Lodico A. A

comparison of AIDS Knowledge, attitude and behaviors

among incarcerated adolescents and public school sample in

San Francisco. Am J Public Health 1991;81:628–30.

Sikand A, Fisher M, Friedman S. AIDS Knowledge, concerns,

behavior changes among inner city high school students. J

Adolesc Health 1996;18:325–8.

Rodanovic Z. AIDS and Islam. Med Arcb 1997;51:45–6.

Khan OA, Hyder AA. Responses to an emerging threat:

HIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plain


Khawaja ZA, Gibney L, Ahmed AJ, Vermund SH. HIV/AIDS

and its risk factors in Pakistan. AIDS 1997;11:843–8.

Baqi S, Kayani N, Khan JA. Epidemiology and clinical profile

of HIV/AIDS in Pakistan. Trop Doct 1999;29:144–8.

Sheikh NS, Sheikh AS, Rafi-u-Shan, Sheikh AA. Awareness of

HIV and AIDS among fisherman in coastal areas of

Balochistan. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2003;13:192–4.

Jamal N, Khushk IA, Naeem Z. Knowledge and attitudes

regarding AIDS among female commercial sex workers at

Hyderabad city, Pakistan. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak