• Rashid Mahmood
  • Ghulam Jillani Khan
  • Shamim Alam
  • Abdul Jalal Safi
  • Salah uddin
  • Amin -ul- Haq


Background: Almost every individual dislikes excessive and unnecessary noise. Noise exerts various adverse psychological and physiological effects, on human body including a rise in blood pressure. Methods: 117 volunteer medical students, aged 18-23 years were exposed to 90 decibel noise of 4000 hertz for 10 minutes, produced by audiometer in a sound-proof room. Blood pressure was recorded every three minutes. Results: Blood pressure increased during exposure to noise. Average rise in systolic blood pressure was 2.462±0.532 mm Hg and average rise in diastolic blood pressure was 3.064± 1.047mm Hg. Blood pressure came to resting value within two minutes after stopping exposure to noise in more than 50% of the subjects. Conclusion: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure increases due to noise exposure.Key Words:           Noise, Blood pressure, Health


Kryter KD. The effect of Noise on Man. New york. Academic Press1985; pp 389-393.

Akhtar NH. Noise – Induced hearing loss in traffic police constables. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak1996;6(5):265-8.

Park JE, Park K (Ed). In: Parks Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 13th edition, Jabalpur, India.M/S Bandrsidas Bhanot, 1993;388-9.

Jones AL, David MW, Hutcheson, Sarah M., Dymott. Noise. In: Occupational Hygiene. 1st edition. Great Britain. Bittles Ltd 1981;70-86.

Mollar AR. Noise as a health hazard. In: Maxy-Rossenau Public Health and preventive medicine. 11th ed. New York, Appleton Century Crofts 1980;790-9.

Hinchcliffe R. Behavioral effects of sound. In: Hunter’s Diseases of Occupations, 8th ed. Edward Arnold Publishers, Great Britain. 1994; 292.

Hartikainen AL, Sorri M, Anttonen H, Tuimala R, Laara E. Effect of Occupational Noise on the course and outcome of Pregnancy. Scand J Work Environ Health 1994;20(6):444-50.

Goulet L, Theriault G. Association between spontaneous abortion and ergonomic factors. A literature review of the epidemiological evidence. Scand J Work enviro Health 1987; 13:399-403.

Herbold M, Hense HW, Keil U. Effects of road traffic noise on prevalence of hypertension in men. Soz Praventivmed 1989;34(1):19-23.

Harrison DW, Kelly PL. Age difference in cardiovascular and cognitive performance under noise conditions. Percept Mot Skills 1989;69(2):547-54.

Lesnik H, Makowiec DT. Hemodynamic reactions to monotonous work performed in silence and in noise of 70 dB (A). Pol J Occupt Med 1989:2(1):51-61.

Germano G, Damiani S, Milito U, Giarrizzo C, Santucci A. Noise stimulus in normal subjects:time-dependent blood pressure pattern assessment. Clin Cardiol 1991;14(4);321-5.

Green MS, Schwartz K, Harari G, Najenson T. Industrial noise exposure and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate. J Occupt Med 1991;33(8):879-83.

Regecova V. Effects of urban noise pollution on blood pressure and heart rate in preschool children. J Hypertension 1995;13(4):405-12.

Kristal-Boneh E. Acute and chronic effects of noise exposure on blood pressure and heart rate among industrial employees. Arch Environ Health 1995;50(4):298-304.

Babisch W, Ising H, Gallacher JE, Sharp DS, Baker IA. Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk, first phase. Arch Environ Health 1993;48(6):401-5.

Babisch W, Ising H, Elwood PC, Sharp DS, Bainton D Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk, second phase; risk estimation, prevalence, and incidence of Ischaemic Heart disease. Arch Environ Health 1993;48(6):406-13.

Hirai A, Takata M, Mikawor M, Yasumoto K, Iida H, Sasayama S, Kagamimori S. Prolonged Exposure to industrial noise causes hearing loss but not high blood pressure; a study of 2124 factory laborer in Japan. J Hypertension 1991;9(11):1069-73.

Evans GW, Lercher P, Meis M, Ising H, Kofler WW. Community noise exposure and stress in children. J Acoust Am 2001;109(3):1023-7.

Sawad Y. Reproducible increase in blood pressure during intermittent noise exposure. Eur J Appl Physio 1993;67(4): 367-74.

Bergoni MS, Rovestio S, Vivoli G. Biological response to noise and other physical stressors in places of entertainment. Public Health Rev 1991-92;19(1-4):263-75.

Elise EMM, Kempen V, Kruize H, Hendrick C., Boshuizen, Caroline B et al. The Association between Noise Exposure and Blood Pressure and Ischaemic Heart Disease. Environ Health Prospect 2002;110:307-17.

Most read articles by the same author(s)