BREAST CANCER IN NORTHERN PAKISTAN

Authors

  • Gul Mohammad
  • Aurang zeb
  • S. Humayun Shah

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne hundred and twenty patients were treated for carcinoma of the breast at theDistrict Head Quarter Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 1984-1989. The age at diagnosisappears to be bimodal with an early peak between 36 years and 40 years and a later peakbetween 60 years and 66 years. As expected, these patients were of high parity (median 5) and96% of them had breast fed for an average of 16 months, late presentation with advancedsystemic disease accounts for the dismal prognosis. Eighty-four percent of the patientspresented with late disease and only 16% with early disease. Of the 25 patients, followed uptodeath, the median survival was 12 weeks. For various logistic reasons, long-term follow upwas not possible for the remaining patients. To improve the outcome of breast cancer in ourcommunity an active educational programme is needed to increase the public awareness ofthe significance of beast symptomatology.Key words: breast cancer, late presentation.

References

Higginson J, Muir CS. Epidemiology of Cancer. In: Holland JF, Frel E. eds. Cancer Medicine.2nd

Edn. Philadelphia: Lea and Feebiger, 1982: 257-327.

Preece PE. The Breast. In: Cuscheiri A, Giles GR, Moosa AR, cds. Essential Surgical Practice, 1st

edn, Bristol: Wright PSG, 1982: 811-31.

de Waard F, Comelis IP, Aoki et al. Breast cancer incidence according to weight and height in two

cities of the Netherlands and in Aichi prefecture, Japan, Cancer, 1997; 40:1269-75.

Wilson RE, Breast. In: Sabiston DC. ed. Textbook of Surgery 13th ed. Philadelphia; W B Saunders

Co. 1986; 530-72.

Young J, Reis LG, Pollack ES; Cancer patient survival among ethnic groups in the USA. J Natl Can

Inst 1984; 73:341-52.

Basset MT, Krieger N. Social class and black and white differences in breast cancer survival. Am J

Public Health 1986; 76: 1400-3.

Forrest APM. Breast Cancer: 121 years on. J R Coll Surg Edinb 1989; 239-48.

Pearson JB. Carcinoma of breast in Nigeria. Br. J Cancer 1963; 17: 559-65

Chedozi LC. Breast cancer in Nigeria. Cancer 1985; 55: 653-57.

Shepherd JJ. Breast cancer in African women in Uganda. East Afr Med J, 41: 567-70

Tin Hia K: Study of cancer of breast in Burma. J R Coll Surg Edinb, 1984; 29: 345-49.

Rush BF Breast. In: Schwartz SI, Shires GT, Spencer FC, eds. Principles of surgery'. 5th edn. New

York: Mcgraw-Hill Book Co., 1989: 549-80.

Bruce J, Carter DC, Tough ICK. Cancer of the breast, JR Coll Surg Edinb 1968; 13:293-99

Downloads

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>