• Mir Hassan Khan
  • Mujahid Akbar
  • Jahangir A. Khan
  • S. Humayun Shah
  • Zakir Ullah


ABSTRACTUrine of 11600 subjects of Hazara Division were analysed between October, 1989 andNovember, 1990. Age range was 10-70 years. Physical, chemical and microscopic composition wereobserved. Most of the samples were pale yellow, had a volume of 1- 1.5 1/24 hrs and few of themwere turbid. pH and specific gravity were found in the range of 5-8 and 1.018-1.026 respectively.369 cases of albuminuria, 205 cases of glycosuria and 93 cases of ketonuria were detected.Jaundice was detected only in few individuals. The abnormal leukocytes, RBC, Epithelial cells,Amorphous urates, Calcium oxalate crystals and Uric acid crystals were found in less than 12%subjects. Different types of casts observed were negligible.


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