PARENTAL AND SCHOOL INFLUENCES ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN HYDERABAD, PAKISTAN
AbstractBackground: Childhood physical activity (PA) is an important determinant of health in adults which is influenced by the environment in and outside of home. We aimed to determine the contribution of parental and school factors on student’s PA in this study. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on students attending public and private schools in Hyderabad, Pakistan. A random sample of 246 girls and 255 boys in grade six to ten were selected from ten schools. The PA was assessed through face to face interviews by using the adapted School Health Action Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) questionnaire. Results: 40% of the students either walked to or rode on a cycle to travel to their school and 62% students performed individual exercises after school. They spent 6.2 and 5.3 hours on moderate and hard PA per week. About 57% of the mothers and 47% fathers of the students did some mild to moderate exercise 4 times in the week prior to the interview. Students were physically active if they lived in a nuclear family, had believed they had better athletic ability, participated in sports in and out of school and performed moderate exercises (p<0.05). Conclusions: In conclusion parental support to PA was significantly associated with students’ being physically active both within and outside schools.Keywords: Physical activity, exercise, children, school, parent
WHO. Physical activity [Internet]. [cited 2014 Dec 15]. Available from: http://www.who.int/topics/physical_activity/en/
Goodman E, Evans WD, DiPietro L. Preliminary evidence for school-based physical activity policy needs in Washington, DC. J Phys Act Health 2012;9(1):124–8.
Baker JL, Olsen LW, Sorensen TI. Childhood body-mass index and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood. N Engl J Med 2007;357(23):2329–37.
Donatiello E, Dello Russo M, Formisano A, Lauria F, Nappo A, Reineke A, et al. Physical activity, adiposity and urbanization level in children: results for the Italian cohort of the IDEFICS study. Public Health 2013;127(8):761–5.
Hills AP, King NA, Armstrong TP. The contribution of physical activity and sedentary behaviours to the growth and development of children and adolescents: implications for overweight and obesity. Sports Med 2007;37(6):533–45.
Rhodes RE, Naylor PJ, McKay HA. Pilot study of a family physical activity planning intervention among parents and their children. J Behav Med 2009;33(2):91–100.
Burrows T, Warren JM, Collins CE. The impact of a child obesity treatment intervention on parent child-feeding practices. Int J Pediatr Obes 2010;5(1):43–50.
Birch LL. Child feeding practices and the etiology of obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006;14(3):343–4.
Clark HR, Goyder E, Bissell P, Blank L, Peters J. How do parents' child-feeding behaviours influence child weight? Implications for childhood obesity policy. J Public Health (Oxf) 2007;29(2):132–41.
Huberty JL, Beets MW, Beighle A, Saint-Maurice PF, Welk G. Effects of ready for recess, an environmental intervention, on physical activity in third- through sixth-grade children. J Phys Act Health 2013;11(2):384–95.
Adams J. Trends in physical activity and inactivity amongst US 14-18 year olds by gender, school grade and race, 1993-2003: evidence from the youth risk behavior survey. BMC Public Health 2006;6:57.
Hashmi A, Soomro JA, Saleem K. Food behaviors and youth obesity in Pakistan. Acta Sci Health Sci 2013;35(2):223–9.
Al-Eisa E, Buragadda S, Melam GR, Al-Osaimi AO, Al-Mubarak HA, Al-Huwaimel NA. Association between Physical Activity and Insomnia among Saudi Female College Students. J Phys Ther Sci 2013;25(11):1479–82.
Cheng TO. Fast food, automobiles, television and obesity epidemic in Chinese children. Int J Cardiol 2005;98(1):173–4.
Web Portal of Population Welfare Department Government of Sindh [Internet]. [cited 2015 Mar 31]. Available from: http://www.pwdsindh.gov.pk/districts/hyderabad.htm
Ahmed J, Laghari A, Naseer M, Mehraj V. Prevalence of and factors associated with obesity among Pakistani schoolchildren: a school-based, cross-sectional study. East Mediterr Health J 2013;19(3):242–7.
Small L, Bonds-McClain D, Gannon AM. Physical activity of young overweight and obese children: parent reports of child activity level compared with objective measures. West J Nurs Res 2013;35(5):638–54.
O'Dwyer MV, Fairclough SJ, Knowles Z, Stratton G. Effect of a family focused active play intervention on sedentary time and physical activity in preschool children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2012;9:117.
Webber KJ, Loescher LJ. A systematic review of parent role modeling of healthy eating and physical activity for their young African American children. J Spec Pediatr Nurs 2013;18(3):173–88.
Hartman MA, Hosper K, Stronks K. Targeting physical activity and nutrition interventions towards mothers with young children: a review on components that contribute to attendance and effectiveness. Public Health Nutr 2010;14(8):1364–81.
Okely AD, Collins CE, Morgan PJ, Jones RA, Warren JM, Cliff DP, et al. Multi-site randomized controlled trial of a child-centered physical activity program, a parent-centered dietary-modification program, or both in overweight children: the HIKCUPS study. J Pediatr 2010;157(3):388–94,394.e1.
Quaresma AM, Palmeira AL, Martins SS, Minderico CS, Sardinha LB. Effect of a school-based intervention on physical activity and quality of life through serial mediation of social support and exercise motivation: the PESSOA program. Health Educ Res 2014;29(6):906–17.
Habib-Mourad C, Ghandour LA, Moore HJ, Nabhani-Zeidan M, Adetayo K, Hwalla N, et al. Promoting healthy eating and physical activity among school children: findings from Health-E-PALS, the first pilot intervention from Lebanon. BMC Public Health 2014;14:940.
Burrows R, Correa-Burrows P, Orellana Y, Almagia A, Lizana P, Ivanovic D. Scheduled Physical Activity is Associated With Better Academic Performance in Chilean School-Age Children. J Phys Act Health 2014;11(8):1600–6.
Alderman BL, Benham-Deal T, Beighle A, Erwin HE, Olson RL. Physical education's contribution to daily physical activity among middle school youth. Pediatr Exerc Sci 2012;24(4):634–48.
Mota J, Silva P, Santos MP, Ribeiro JC, Oliveira J, Duarte JA. Physical activity and school recess time: differences between the sexes and the relationship between children's playground physical activity and habitual physical activity. J Sports Sci 2005;23(3):269–75.
Coulter M, Woods CB. An exploration of children's perceptions and enjoyment of school-based physical activity and physical education. J Phys Act Health 2011;8(5):645–54.
Martin K, Bremner A, Salmon J, Rosenberg M, Giles-Corti B. Physical, policy, and sociocultural characteristics of the primary school environment are positively associated with children's physical activity during class time. J Phys Act Health 2013;11(3):553–63.
Shen B. Outside-school physical activity participation and motivation in physical education. Br J Educ Psychol 2014;849Pt 1):40–57.
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad is an OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL which means that all content is FREELY available without charge to all users whether registered with the journal or not. The work published by J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad is licensed and distributed under the creative commons License CC BY ND Attribution-NoDerivs. Material printed in this journal is OPEN to access, and are FREE for use in academic and research work with proper citation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. The Editorial Board of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not reflect the opinion/policy of J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad or the Editorial Board.
USERS are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.
AUTHORS retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means including twitter, scholarly collaboration networks such as ResearchGate, Academia.eu, and social media sites such as Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Scholar and any other professional or academic networking site.