MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC FOOT - TWO YEARS EXPERIENCE
AbstractBackground: Diabetic foot is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus and may be the initial presentation ofundiagnosed diabetes mellitus. A study of 48 patients with diabetic foot admitted in Surgical B Unit of Ayub TeachingHospital over a period of two years is presented here. Methods: This study was done to identify the risk factors andcausative organisms in diabetic foot. This will help to lay down important principles of management of diabetic footand highlight problems faced in the management of diabetic foot in our set up. Results: There were 32 (66.6%) malesand 16 (33.3%) females. The age incidence ranged from 30-70 years. Average length of hospital stay was 26 days. 2patients had cellulitis. 6 patients had gangrene. 10 patients had ulcers and 15 patients had abscesses. 31 (64%) patientswere cured by drainage of abscess and debridements alone. 17(36%) patients needed amputations. Peripheralneuropathy was the commonest risk factor. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism isolated fromcultures (54%). Conclusions: Early hospitalization, effective glycaemic control, aggressive debridements and patienteducation in foot care can minimize diabetic foot diseases.
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