FBG AND TC/HDL RATIOS IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
AbstractBackground: Presence of dyslipidemia. i.e. raised Total Cholesterol (TC) and decreased High Density Lipoproteins(HDL) is an established phenomenon in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Its relationship to the fasting blood sugar (FBG)level in both diabetics and non-diabetics has yet to be established. The present study aims to show such a relationship.Methods: 150 subjects were selected and divided into two groups, one of 50 controls (non-diabetics), the other of 100patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Their FBG levels were determined by enzyme oxidase method, and their TCand HDL levels were determined using a standard kit method. Results: FBG and TC: HDL ratios were increased inthe patient group (p = <0.001). Comparison of FBG and TC: HDL ratios revealed a highly significant rise (p = <0.001)in the patient group. FBG with TC: HDL ratios between both groups showed a positive correlation (r = 0.554).Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest an association between FBG and TC: HDL ratios, which may bea contributory factor to the increased prevalence of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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