• Syed Mushtaq Gilani
  • Rehman Ghani
  • Ghulam Nabi


Tracheobronchial foreign bodies in children mostly present as emergency to hospital. Sander's technique is the greatadvantage for the removed of tracheobronchial foreign bodies by rigid bronchoscope. It has made the procedure safefor removal of foreign bodies in children, particularly for prolonged endoscopy. Preoperative preparation of thepatient with the administration of antibiotics, intravenous fluids and steroids has made the endoscopy easier. Safe andsuitable general anaesthesia by an experienced anesthesiologist is required for complete removal of tracheobronchialforeign body. In the present study most of the foreign bodies removed from the children were small plastic- whistlesavailable as free gifts with some cheap candies in the local market.


Kataria PS. Kusurkar DS, Deshpande MS. “Induction

characteristics and comparative blood gas studies of

patients undergoing bronchoscopies.” lnd. J. Anaesth.

: 26:225-8.

Morales ES. Krumperman LW. Cohen G.

"Bronchoscopy under diazepam anesthesia.” Anesth

and Analg. 1973:52:414

Korttila K, Tarkkanen J. “Comparison of diazepam and

Midazolam for sedaition during local anaesthesia for

bronchoscopy.” 1985: 57:581-6.

Spoerel WE. Grant PA. “Ventilation during

bronchoscopy.” Can. Anaesth. Soc. J 1971; 18:178.

Parmeshvvaran TM. Appukutty VG. Shetty MVK.

"Bronchial foreign bodies - A review of 56 cases.” Ind.

Paed 1975; 12:895.

Ranavere MM. Patwarden JR. Gadgil RK "Foreign

body aspiration in children " Ind J. Med. Sc. 1972:


Singh M. Gill SC. Eggleston PC. "Foreign bodies in

tracheobronchial tree and oesophagus in children.” Ind.

Paed 1976. 13 25

Gaind S. Khanna SK. Purohit A. Narayanan PS.

"Anaesthetic management of tracheobronchial foreign

bodies in children.” Ind. .1. Anaesth. 1978: 26:281-4

Baer GA. Annila PA. "Atropine as premedication for

Anaesthesia and bronchoscopy.” Lancet. 1995;


Linton JSA. "Long standing intratrachial foreign

bodies.” Thorax. 1957; 12:124.

Newell. IP. Collis JM "Anaesthesia for bronchoscopy:

examination of standard technique.” J-R-Soc-Med.

: 73:241-3.

Kortilla K. Tarkkanen J. Tarkkanen I. "Comparison of

laryngotrachial and ultrasonic nebulizer administration

of Lidocaine in local anaesthesia for bronchoscopy.”

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1981:25:161-5

Pender JVV. Winchester l.W, Jamahs RW. Willington

GA, Melenahar LJ. "Effects of anaesthesia and

ventilation during bronchoscopy.” Anesth & Analg.

: 47:415.

Gilani SMA. "Inducing agents for bronchoscopy - A

comparative evaluation of Propanidid and

thiopentone.” JAMC 1990; 3:6-8.

Ullyot DC. Norman .1C. "Fogarty catheter - An aid to

Bronchoscopic removal of foreign bodies.” Annal.

Thor. Surg. 1968. 6:185.

Bigler FC. "Use of Foley’s catheter for removal of blunt

foreign bodies from oesophagus.” J. Thor. Cardiovac

Surg. 1966:51:759

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>