FACTORS PREDICTIVE OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG ELDERLY PEOPLE IN A RURAL COMMUNITY: A CASE STUDY IN PHAYAO PROVINCE THAILAND

Authors

  • Donnapa Hongthong Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Phayao, Thailand
  • Ratana Somrongthong College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
  • Pimpimon Wongchaiya Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Phayao, Thailand
  • Ramesh Kumar Health Services Academy Islamabad Pakistan

Abstract

Background: Alcohol consumption is recognized as a public health issue. Study objectives were to identify factors predictive of alcohol consumption among elderly people in Phayao province Thailand, where there was high prevalence of alcohol consumption. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Four hundred elderly people participated in a survey. Data was collected by face-to-face interviews. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine the factors predictive of alcohol consumption among the study subjects. Results: One thirds of elderly (31.7%) had consumed alcohol in their lifetime, and (15.7%) of them were current drinkers. Following univariate analysis, seven factors included gender, working, sickness, smoking, quality of life (QOL), daily activities and economic recession ­were identified as being significantly associated with drinking (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed four factors to be predictive of alcohol among elderly people: gender (OR=6.02, 95% CI=3.58–10.13), smoking (OR=4.34, 95% CI=2.57–7.34), economic recession (OR=2.79, 95%, CI=1.66-4.71), and QOL (OR=1.86, 95%, CI=1.09–3.16). Conclusion: Gender (male) and smoking were strongly predictive factors of elderly alcohol consumption. Hence, an effort to reduce alcohol consumption should be placed on male elderly and those who smoke.Keywords: Predictive factors, alcohol consumption, elderly people 

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Published

2016-05-31

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