ASSOCIATION BETWEEN LOW SERUM MAGNESIUM LEVEL AND TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN ABBOTTABAD

Authors

  • Mohammad Munir Noor Women medical college
  • Quratulann Nazir Gynae ATH
  • Tariq Mehmood Khan
  • Saima Gillani Paeds ATH
  • Munir Ahmad Abbasi Department of Pulmonology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Abdur Rauf Medicine, ATH
  • Zaheer Uddin Qureshi Surgery, ATH

Abstract

 Background: Magnesium serves as a cofactor for various oxidation reactions in the body and helps in glucose transport across cell membrane. Deficiency of magnesium is a common electrolyte abnormality in type 2 diabetic patients and is linked to development of various diabetic complications. This study was conducted to determine the association between low serum magnesium level and type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting at Medical B ward, BBS Hospital Abbottabad. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 6 months starting July 1, 2017. One hundred & eighty diagnosed diabetic patients aged at least 40 years, were included in the study. Their serum magnesium level was checked after withdrawing blood under strict aseptic conditions. Fasting & random blood glucose and the level of glycosylated haemoglobin were measured and age, gender, duration of illness were recorded on a proforma. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (33.89%) had hypomagnesemia. There was no significant association between hypomagnesemia and age and sex of patients (p>0.05). However, hypomagnesemia was found to be significantly associated with the duration of diabetes mellitus among study population (p=0.02). Conclusion: Hypomagnesemia is frequently present in patients with diabetes mellitus and it appears that its   prevalence increases with the duration of diabetes mellitus.Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Serum Magnesium levels; electrolyte disturbance; HbA1C

Author Biographies

Mohammad Munir Noor, Women medical college

Associate professor medical B ward wmc

Quratulann Nazir, Gynae ATH

Gynae ATH

Saima Gillani, Paeds ATH

Paeds ATH

Munir Ahmad Abbasi, Department of Pulmonology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Classified Pulmonologist,Fauji Foundation HospitalRawalpindi, Pakistan

Abdur Rauf, Medicine, ATH

Medicine, ATH

Zaheer Uddin Qureshi, Surgery, ATH

Surgery, ATH

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Published

2019-02-13

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