OCCURRENCE AND KNOWLEDGE ABOUT NEEDLE STICK INJURY IN NURSING STUDENTS

Authors

  • Prasuna J AIIMS, College of Nursing, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
  • Rakesh Sharma Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Anita Bhatt Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Arazoo Arazoo Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Disha Painuly Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • HImani Butola Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
  • Anju Yadav Himalayan College of Nursing, Doiwala-Post, Dehradun, Uttarakhand

Abstract

Background: Needle stick injury (NSI) became a major issue and most of the research focuses on Nurses, Doctors and other health care workers, but at the same time nursing students in clinical duties are at high risk. Studies are available which examined NSI only in Medical students and health care workers. The present study is aimed to measure the occurrence of needle stick injury along with post exposure measures and evaluation of the knowledge regarding needle stick injury among nursing student. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in North-East India in 2013. The study participants comprised of 83 nursing students studying in 4th year B.Sc. (N) and 3rd year General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM). Students were questioned regarding their occurrence to Needle Stick Injury throughout their clinical training and measures taken following the exposure. They were also asked to complete the Knowledge questionnaire on NSI. Results: The study among 83 nursing students included 43 (51.81%) GNM 3rd year and 40 (48.19%) B.Sc. Nursing Students. Out of a total 83 students, 75 (90.36%) were females. The occurrence of NSI during their course was reported by 33 (39.76%) participants. The maximum NSI occurred during first year of course (57.57%). It was found that 18 (54.54%) of NSIs were not reported. Among those exposed, only 5 (15.15%) students had undergone blood investigation and very few students took post exposure measures. It was found that, only 23 (69.69%) students were immunized against Hepatitis B before NSI. Conclusion: The present study indicated a high incidence of needle stick injuries among nursing students with more under-reported cases and subjects were not aware of post exposure measures. It is essential to deal above problems by regular training on real-life procedure at the entry level and reporting system should be more user-friendly platform.Keyword: Occurrence, Nursing students, Hepatitis B, Needle stick injury, Post exposure measures

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Published

2015-06-20