PREVALENCE OF GUSTATORY AND OLFACTORY IMPAIRMENT IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF SARS-COV-2 INFECTED PATEINTS IN ISOLATION WARD

Authors

  • Mor Khan Shar Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Islamabad
  • Faheem Ahmed Pirwani PIMS Islamabad
  • Zahoor Ahmed Rana PIMS Islamabad
  • Hamza Hassan Mirza PIMS Islamabad
  • Ahsan Ullah Rush School of dentistry SZABMU Islamabad
  • Bashir Ahmed Jalbani Bibi Aseefa Dental College SMBBMU Larkana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55519/JAMC-02-9228

Keywords:

Anosmia, Ageusia, Hypogeusia, SARS-COV-2 patients

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the prevalence of gustatory and olfactory impairment and its correlation with the severity of SARS-Cov-2 infection as per WHO guidelines. Methods: A total of 241 patients of both gender having age from 15–80 years were included in the study. It was cross Sectional study conducted at SARS-COV-2 Isolation wards of Pakistan institute of medical science Islamabad from 15thSeptember 2020 to 15th January 2021. Convenient sampling technique was used to collect data. A proforma was designed for this purpose. Participants were divided into 3 groups on the basis of age. Group-1 (15–30 years), group-2 (31–50 years) and group 3 (51–80 years). Further the participants were graded into mild, moderate and severe stages of Sars-Cov-2 infection according to WHO guidelines. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS version 20. Results: In this study 66% were male and 34% population were the female. Regarding the age groups 72% population were from the group-3. Results of study shows 47% in mild stage, 45% in moderate stage and 8% severe stage. The results regarding the Gustatory and Olfactory impairment showed that 126 had gustatory impairment while 130 patients had olfactory impairment. Conclusion: We found strong relationship of olfactory and gustatory changes associated with SARS-COV-2 patients. It is premature to conclude that taste and smell changes are strongly linked to SARS-COV-2 diagnosis. Further multi center researches are required to find out possible pathophysiological mechanism

Author Biographies

Faheem Ahmed Pirwani, PIMS Islamabad

medical officer oral and maxillofacial surgery

Zahoor Ahmed Rana, PIMS Islamabad

 Dean of dentitry and HOD oral and maxillofacial surgery

Hamza Hassan Mirza, PIMS Islamabad

Post-graduate Rigistrar oral and maxillofacial surgery

Ahsan Ullah Rush, School of dentistry SZABMU Islamabad

Registrar  oral and maxillofacial surgery

Bashir Ahmed Jalbani, Bibi Aseefa Dental College SMBBMU Larkana

Assistant Professor oral and maxillofacial surgery

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Published

2022-03-03